M M Mac Millan

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in test-retest reliability between maximal and submaximal efforts in an isometric lumbar extension task and to test the hypothesis that submaximal efforts would be less consistent than maximal efforts. Twenty subjects were asked to produce maximum voluntary contractions at seven different(More)
The first 50 consecutive patients stabilized with Cotrel-Dubousset rods for lumbar or lumbosacral fusions were followed for an average of 2 years. The occurrence of fusion, maintenance of alignment, and rate of hardware complications were examined. There were 28 men and 22 women, ages 18-87 years, and 133 vertebral levels. Twenty-nine sets of 5-mm, and 21(More)
Twenty-nine patients with anterior spinal cord compression underwent decompression and fusion through a laterally based approach to the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine. The lateral extracavitary approach allows access to the vertebral bodies as well as the posterior elements through a single incision. This approach was chosen for patients who had(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the repeatability of spinal range of motion (ROM) and movement velocity measurements of patients with chronic low back pain, using a two-dimensional motion analysis system. This apparatus uses reflective markers placed on anatomical landmarks and video digitization to derive ROM(More)
The effect of fused segments in the cervical spine has been documented to cause chronic changes in adjacent levels. This article reports an association between the presence of fused cervical segments and the predisposition to acute, traumatic instability at adjacent levels. Patients with cervical fractures were reviewed during a 12-year period. Fifteen(More)
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