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The unfolded protein response (UPR) is linked to metabolic dysfunction, yet it is not known how endoplasmic reticulum (ER) disruption might influence metabolic pathways. Using a multilayered genetic approach, we find that mice with genetic ablations of either ER stress-sensing pathways (ATF6alpha, eIF2alpha, IRE1alpha) or of ER quality control (p58(IPK))(More)
In presence of oleate and taurocholate, differentiated CaCo-2 cell monolayers on membranes were able to assemble and secrete chylomicrons. Under these conditions , both cellular uptake and secretion into chylomicrons of ␤-carotene (␤-C) were curvilinear, time-dependent (2–16 h), saturable, and concentration-dependent (apparent K m of 7–10 ␮ M) processes.(More)
Pluronic L81 (PL81) inhibits fat absorption, and other Pluronic copolymers help overcome drug resistance in cancer cells. To understand how PL81 acts, we synthesized a radiolabeled analog, [14C]PL81, and showed that it was structurally similar to PL81 based on (1)H NMR as well as mass spectrometric analysis. [14C]PL81 inhibited the secretion of chylomicrons(More)
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone that loads lipids onto apolipoprotein B, also regulates CD1d presentation of glycolipid antigens in the liver and intestine. We show MTP RNA and protein in antigen-presenting cells (APCs) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and by immunoblotting of mouse(More)
Light and food are two major environmental factors that impact daily life. Light entrainment is centrally controlled by suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus. Food entrainment might require cooperation between the intestine and dorsomedial hypothalamus. Clock genes that are essential for light entrainment also play a part in food entrainment.(More)
Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor for various cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. Overproduction of lipoproteins, a process critically dependent on microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), can contribute to hyperlipidemia. We show that microRNA-30c (miR-30c) interacts with the 3′-untranslated region of the MTP mRNA and induces degradation leading(More)
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) was first identified as a major cellular protein capable of transferring neutral lipids between membrane vesicles. Its role as an essential chaperone for the biosynthesis of apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins was established after the realization that abetalipoproteinemia patients(More)
Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), an endoplasmic reticulum lipid transfer protein critical for apolipoprotein B (apoB) secretion, regulates CD1d antigen presentation. We identified MTP variant 1 (MTPv1), a novel splice variant of mouse MTP, by polymerase chain reaction and Northern analysis in non-apoB-secreting tissues, including thymocytes(More)
BACKGROUND Efficient metabolic function in mammals depends on the circadian clock, which drives temporal regulation of metabolic processes. Nocturnin is a clock-regulated deadenylase that controls its target mRNA expression posttranscriptionally through poly(A) tail removal. Mice lacking nocturnin (Noc(-/-) mice) are resistant to diet-induced obesity and(More)
Apolipoprotein B (apoB)-dependent and apoB-independent pathways for cholesterol transport have been described in cultured cells. Here, we show that the apoB-independent pathway involves apoA-I-containing high density lipoproteins (HDLs). Cholesterol secretion by the HDLs, but not by the apoB pathway, was significantly reduced in primary enterocytes isolated(More)