M M Gottesman

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Considerable evidence has accumulated indicating that the multidrug transporter or P-glycoprotein plays a role in the development of simultaneous resistance to multiple cytotoxic drugs in cancer cells. In recent years, various approaches such as mutational analyses and biochemical and pharmacological characterization have yielded significant information(More)
Monoclonal antibody MRK16 was used to determine the location of P-glycoprotein, the product of the multidrug-resistance gene (MDR1), in normal human tissues. The protein was found to be concentrated in a small number of specific sites. Most tissues examined revealed very little P-glycoprotein. However, certain cell types in liver, pancreas, kidney, colon,(More)
The analysis of how human cancers evade chemotherapy has revealed a rich variety of cell-based genetic changes resulting in drug resistance. One of the best studied of these genetic alterations is increased expression of an ATP-dependent plasma membrane transport system, known as P-glycoprotein, or the multidrug transporter. This transporter actively(More)
The FDA approved HIV-1 protease inhibitors, ritonavir, saquinavir, and indinavir, are very effective in inhibiting HIV-1 replication, but their long-term efficacy is unknown. Since in vivo efficacy depends on access of these drugs to intracellular sites where HIV-1 replicates, we determined whether these protease inhibitors are recognized by the MDR1(More)
In this report we show that NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblasts stably expressing the human multidrug transporter (MDR1 or P-glycoprotein), in contrast to the control NIH-3T3 cells, actively extrude the hydrophobic acetoxymethyl ester (AM) derivatives used for cellular loading of various fluorescent calcium and pH indicators. This dye extrusion is blocked by(More)
We have established four cell lines derived from the human KB carcinoma cell line which express high-level multiple drug resistance. One of these lines was selected for resistance to colchicine, one was selected for resistance to colchicine in the presence of the tumor promoter, mezerein, one for resistance to vinblastine, and one for resistance to(More)
Resistance of tumor cells to multiple cytotoxic drugs is a major impediment to cancer chemotherapy. Multidrug resistance in human cells is determined by the mdr1 gene, encoding a high molecular weight membrane glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein). Complete primary structure of human P-glycoprotein has been determined from the cDNA sequence. The protein, 1280 amino(More)
Human KB cell lines resistant to high levels of colchicine were isolated by several successive single-step selections. Most of these selection steps resulted in cross-resistance to vincristine, vinblastine, adriamycin, actinomycin D, and puromycin; however, at the highest levels of colchicine resistance, increased cross-resistance to other drugs was not(More)
The identification and cloning of a segment of a human multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) was reported recently. To examine the molecular basis of one type of multidrug resistance, we have prepared RNA from human tumors and normal tissues and measured their content of mdr1 RNA. We find that the mdr1 gene is expressed at a very high level in the adrenal gland;(More)