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Pectins are the major matrix polysaccharides of plant cell walls and are important for controlling growth, wall porosity and regulation of the ionic environment in plant cells. Pectic epitopes recognized by the monoclonal antibodies JIM5, JIM7 and 2F4 could be localized in the primary wall during development of the green alga Micrasterias. As the degree of(More)
The cell wall of the green alga Micrasterias denticulata Bréb. ex Ralfs (Desmidiaceae, Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) was investigated to obtain information on the composition of component polysaccharides and proteoglycans to allow comparison with higher plants and to understand cell wall functions during development. Various epitopes currently assigned to(More)
Plant shoots have thick, polylamellate outer epidermal walls based on crossed layers of cellulose microfibrils, but the involvement of microtubules in such wall lamellation is unclear. Recently, using a long-term movie system in which Arabidopsis seedlings were grown in a biochamber, the tracks along which cortical microtubules move were shown to undergo(More)
We have investigated uptake of 125I-labeled chylomicron remnants into livers of rats in the presence of lactoferrin. This glycoprotein possesses a cluster of four arginines at the N-terminus similar to the arginine rich binding sequence of apoprotein E (apoE) to the LDL-receptor. We found that this protein inhibits uptake of 125I-chylomicron remnant(More)
The unicellular, simply shaped desmid Netrium digitus inhabiting acid bog ponds grows in two phases. Prior to division, the cell elongates at its central zone, whereas in a second phase, polar tip growth occurs. Electron microscopy demonstrates that Netrium is surrounded by a morphologically homogeneous cell wall, which lacks pores. Immunocytochemical and(More)
Microtubules are classically described as being transverse, which is perpendicular to the direction of cell elongation. However, fixation studies have indicated that microtubules can be variably aligned across the epidermis of elongating shoots. In addition, microtubules are reported to have different orientations on inner and outer epidermal surfaces,(More)
Lake Constance is among the largest lakes in central Europe and represents the most important drinking water reservoir in southwestern Germany. About 4 million people depend on this lake for their drinking water supply, and considerable efforts have been made to protect its high water quality (STABEL 1998). In addition to a drinking water supply, the lake(More)
In a double-blind, randomized, cross-over study the effects of single subcutaneous doses of 120 anti-Xa units/kg body wt. of three different low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) preparations were investigated in 15 healthy subjects by determination of thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT), prothrombin fragment 1.2 (f1.2), and beta-thromboglobin (beta-TG)(More)
Radioactively labelled transferrin was injected into rats intravenously and its uptake and subcellular distribution in the liver was investigated. The amount of radioactivity in the liver remained constant from 10 min after injection. It was not influenced by asialoglycoproteins. The radioactive label was identified as asialotransferrin. After subcellular(More)
Imaging single epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) in intact cells is presently limited by the available microscopy methods. Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) of whole cells in hydrated state in combination with specific labeling with gold nanoparticles was used to localize activated EGFRs in the plasma membranes of COS7 and A549 cells.(More)