M. M. Devos

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS It is not known whether lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis represent different clinical entities or constitute part of a spectrum of disease. METHODS Detailed clinical features and histological findings were compared in a large series of patients with confirmed lymphocytic and collagenous colitis. RESULTS Histological(More)
The influence of congenital colour defects on a clinical computer test for equiluminous colour discrimination is studied. Differences in relative spectral sensitivity and changes in colour contrast discrimination are two distinct manifestations of the abnormal genes responsible for congenital red-green defects. The very simple and rapid method of the(More)
Parameters of the meal pattern in rats were assessed and their physiological significance investigated through a detailed study of continuous graphic recordings over 20 consecutive days in ten rats. Both prandial and diurnal periodicities were examined. The definition of meals, by a criterion of 40 min of non-eating before and after a feeding episode, was(More)
Peripheral colour contrast thresholds were investigated in glaucoma suspects with no or minor visual field alterations, determining the average colour contrast threshold at 12.5 degrees off axis. The technique was introduced as a rapid screening test for pre-glaucomatous visual loss. Using this 'ring' test, all definite glaucoma patients in the initial(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the balance between caloric intake and expenditures in successive 12 and 24 hour periods, for several consecutive days in rats. The simultaneous and continuous measurements of respiratory exchanges and of the spontaneous feeding pattern were performed in 6 rats during 38 days, in periods of 2 to 4 successive days.(More)
Meal to meal energy balance was examined in thirty-eight simultaneous recordings of feeding pattern and O2 consumption in six rats. The mean difference between energy intake in a meal and energy expenditure until the onset of the next meal was found positive at night and negative during day time. At night the excess of meal intake over meal to meal(More)
The acute effects of electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus on energy expenditure as measured by indirect calorimetry were investigated in 20 unanaesthetized rats. Thirty sec of stimulation increased both O2 consumption and respiratory quotient (R.Q.). The largest magnitude hypermetabolic response (39% mean peak increase in O2 consumption) was produced(More)
Liver glycogen content was determined in free feeding rats sacrificed at the beginning of nocturnal meals or 60 min later. It was found that the glycogen content at the beginning of meals and 60 min later was highly correlated with the cumulative food intake since the beginning of the dark cycle, and therefore, increased from meal to meal. The comparison of(More)