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To estimate the minimal gene set required to sustain bacterial life in nutritious conditions, we carried out a systematic inactivation of Bacillus subtilis genes. Among approximately 4,100 genes of the organism, only 192 were shown to be indispensable by this or previous work. Another 79 genes were predicted to be essential. The vast majority of essential(More)
Several operon-specific transcriptional regulators, including antiterminators and activators, contain a duplicated conserved domain, the PTS regulation domain (PRD). These duplicated domains modify the activity of the transcriptional regulators both positively and negatively. PRD-containing regulators are very common in Gram-positive bacteria. In contrast,(More)
Antifilaggrin autoantibodies (AFA) are a population of IgG autoantibodies associated to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which includes the so-called "antikeratin" Abs and antiperinuclear factor. AFA are the most specific serological markers of RA. We previously showed that they recognize human epidermal filaggrin and other profilaggrin-related proteins of(More)
A new gene, bkdR (formerly called yqiR), encoding a regulator with a central (catalytic) domain was found in Bacillus subtilis. This gene controls the utilization of isoleucine and valine as sole nitrogen sources. Seven genes, previously called yqiS, yqiT, yqiU, yqiV, bfmBAA, bfmBAB, and bfmBB and now referred to as ptb, bcd, buk, lpd, bkdA1, bkdA2, and(More)
Bacillus subtilis can utilize several sugars as single sources of carbon and energy. Many of these sugars are transported and concomitantly phosphorylated by the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). In addition to its role in sugar uptake, the PTS is one of the major signal transduction systems in B. subtilis. In this study, an(More)
In the framework of the European project aimed at the sequencing of the Bacillus subtilis genome the DNA region located between gerB (314°) and sacXV (333°) was assigned to the Institut Pasteur. In this paper we describe the cloning and sequencing of a segment of 97 kb of contiguous DNA. Ninety-two open reading frames were predicted to encode putative(More)
The expression of the Bacillus subtilis sacPA operon is induced by sucrose. A DNA fragment containing the upstream region of this operon was cloned. This fragment contains a promoter from which the operon is expressed. This upstream region also contains a palindromic DNA sequence very similar to the transcriptional terminator which regulates the induction(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the percentage of respiratory disorders and airway obstruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by comparing lung function test results between patients with rheumatoid arthritis and control subjects with other rheumatological conditions. A prospective case-control study of respiratory symptoms and lung function(More)
We describe 6 cases of fluoroquinolone induced Achilles tendinitis in 4 women and 2 men, mean age 68.6 years. Patients presented with pain and swelling of sudden onset, which was most often bilateral. Tendon rupture was frequent, accompanied by nodules and ecchymoses. The diagnosis was clinical, occasionally ultrasonography was helpful; the role of magnetic(More)
We describe a previously unreported association of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis with mesenteric, pulmonary and perhaps periarticular fibrotic involvement, and panniculitis resembling Weber-Christian panniculitis. The onset of the disease was uncommon with arthritis. Then, several episodes of migratory panniculitis appeared; biopsy showed septal(More)