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The effect of extracellular ATP on the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in rat submandibular glands was tested. The dose-response curve for ATP was biphasic with a first increase in the 1-30 microM concentration range and a further increase at concentrations higher than 100 microM. Among ATP analogs, only benzoyl-ATP stimulated the low affinity(More)
The intracellular concentration of calcium ([Ca2+]i) of rat submandibular ductal cells was measured with the intracellular fluorescent dye Fura-2. Carbachol (100 microM) and ATP (1 mM) both increased the [Ca2+]i. The late response to ATP was blocked by 0.5 mM Ni2+. This concentration of Ni2+ also blocked the increase of the [Ca2+]i and the uptake of(More)
The effect of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) on the intracellular concentration of calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) and on the response of rat submandibular acini to purinergic agonists was studied. By itself, propofol (60 to 200 microM) slowly increased the [Ca(2+)](i) without affecting the production of inositol phosphates. The increase of the [Ca(2+)](i) involved(More)
Epithelial cells were isolated from rat trachea by incubation of the organ in a calcium-free medium. The intracellular concentration of calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) was measured with the calcium-sensitive fluorescent dye fura2. In resting conditions, the cells maintained a low [Ca(2+)](i) in spite of the presence of millimolar concentration of calcium in the(More)
Rat submandibular glands were digested with crude collagenase, and the intracellular calcium concentration of the cellular suspension was measured using fura-2. In the absence of extracellular magnesium and calcium ([Ca2+]o), ATP had no effect; the response to ATP peaked at 1-2.5 mM [Ca2+]o and was inhibited at 5 mM. One millimolar (mM) extracellular ATP(More)
A cellular suspension from rat submandibular glands was prepared with collagenase. The intracellular pH (pHi) was estimated with 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxy-ethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). After exposure to NH4Cl, the pHi transiently increased (diffusion of NH3) and then dropped (influx of NH4+). Isoproterenol increased 2.5-fold the rate of NH4+ influx;(More)
1. Carbachol and thapsigargin both increased the intracellular calcium concentration in rat submandibular cells in the presence and in the absence of extracellular calcium. Depletion of intracellular calcium pools with thapsigargin prevented the response to carbachol. 2. The two agents also increased the influx of calcium. The muscarinic agonist stimulated(More)
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