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Measles virus is an aerosol-transmitted virus that affects more than 10 million children each year and accounts for approximately 120,000 deaths. Although it was long believed to replicate in the respiratory epithelium before disseminating, it was recently shown to infect initially macrophages and dendritic cells of the airways using signalling lymphocytic(More)
Fn this paper; two techniques to reduce the energy and the average power consumption oj the system are proposed. They are based on the fact that as lhe tesL pragresses, the detection eficiency of the pseudo-rundom vectocrs decreases very quickly. Many of Lhe pseudo-random vectors vi11 not detect faults in spile of consuming a signiJicant arnomt of energy(More)
DNAX accessory molecule 1 (DNAM-1; CD226) is a transmembrane glycoprotein involved in T cell and natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity. We demonstrated recently that DNAM-1 triggers NK cell-mediated killing of tumor cells upon engagement by its two ligands, poliovirus receptor (PVR; CD155) and Nectin-2 (CD112). In the present paper, we show that PVR and(More)
Human natural killer (NK) cells express a series of activating receptors and coreceptors that are involved in recognition and killing of target cells. In this study, in an attempt to identify the cellular ligands for such triggering surface molecules, mice were immunized with NK-susceptible target cells. On the basis of a functional screening, four mAbs(More)
From beginning of 1994 to the end of 1996, the IRO-DB ESPRIT project has developed tools for accessing relational and object-oriented databases in an integrated way. The system is based on the ODMG standard as pivot model and language. It consists of three layers. The local layer provides for an ODMG interface to heterogeneous DBMSs, the communication layer(More)
The non-canonical Wnt/planar cell polarity (Wnt/PCP) pathway plays a crucial role in embryonic development. Recent work has linked defects of this pathway to breast cancer aggressiveness and proposed Wnt/PCP signalling as a therapeutic target. Here we show that the archetypal Wnt/PCP protein VANGL2 is overexpressed in basal breast cancers, associated with(More)
Luminal B breast cancers represent a fraction of oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumours associated with poor recurrence-free and disease-specific survival in all adjuvant systemic treatment categories including hormone therapy alone. Identification of specific signalling pathways driving luminal B biology is paramount to improve treatment. We have studied(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease at the molecular level. Evolution is difficult to predict according to classical histoclinical prognostic factors. Different studies highlight the importance of large-scale molecular expression analyses to improve taxonomy of breast cancer and prognostic classification. Identification of new(More)