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Autoradiographic and membrane binding studies with [3H](R,S)- or [3H](S)-zacopride were performed in combination with lesions using various neurotoxins in an attempt to identify which neuronal cell types are endowed with 5-HT3 receptors in the rat central nervous system. Lesions of noradrenergic (by DSP-4), dopaminergic (by 6-hydroxydopamine) and(More)
In vitro superfusion of slices from the dorsal half of the rat cervical enlargement allowed the measurement of spontaneous, K+ (30 mM)- and capsaicin (0.5 microM)-evoked release of calcitonin gene-related peptide-like immunoreactive material (CGRPLI). The greater part of this immunoreactive material originated in primary afferent fibres since dorsal(More)
Recently, an experimental model of monoarthritis was described in the rat induced by injection with Freund's adjuvant of the tibio-tarsal joint of one hindlimb. After injection, the clinical and behavioural signs of arthritis are stable from weeks 2 to 6 post-injection. Our purpose was to study the regulation of mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid binding sites in(More)
Highly selective tritiated ligands and autoradiography have been used to study mu and delta binding sites as well as neutral endopeptidase-24.11 in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord. Two weeks and 4 months after dorsal root rhizotomy, both opioid binding sites were dramatically decreased (congruent to 60%). In contrast, the level of neutral(More)
Autoradiographic studies were performed in combination with dorsal rhizotomy or selective lesion of descending serotonergic or noradrenergic systems in an attempt to identify the neuronal cell types endowed with the serotonin 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT3 receptors in the rat spinal cord. Unilateral sectioning of seven dorsal roots (C4-T2) at the cervical level(More)
Specific antibodies raised against a fusion protein containing the amino acid sequence of the putative second intracellular loop of the cloned 5-HT3-A receptor subunit were used for the immunohistochemical visualization of 5-HT3 receptors in the rat spinal cord. A dense 5-HT3-like immunoreactivity was found in the superficial layers of the dorsal horn,(More)
The demonstration of preproenkephalin A gene expression in rat dorsal root ganglia has raised the question of the physiological role of met-enkephalin-containing primary afferent fibres. Recently, we showed that systemic infection with a recombinant Herpes simplex virus encoding preproenkephalin A (HSVLatEnk1) yielded a marked increase in the density of(More)
The aim of the present study was to quantify time-related modifications in mu and delta opioid binding sites in the superficial layers (laminae I and II) of the L4 lumbar segment in a rat model of mononeuropathy induced by loose ligation of the sciatic nerve. We have shown a 28% (P < 0.01) and 24% (P < 0.01) decrease in ipsi/contralateral side binding(More)
Unilateral dorsal rhizotomies were done at the cervicothoracic and lumbosacral spinal cord levels in rats. In preliminary experiments dermatome maps were determined for the roots to be sectioned. The behavior of 37 rats was observed for many months after the rhizotomies. The rats with the dorsal roots sectioned in the cervicothoracic spinal cord exhibited(More)
The aim of this electrophysiological investigation was to evaluate the activity of the spinal endogenous opioid systems in a chronic pain model, the arthritic rat. The activity of nociceptive non-specific dorsal horn neurons (n = 23) were recorded in 23 spinal unanesthetized decerebrated rats. Naloxone (1 mg/kg i.v.) induced a highly significant increase in(More)