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The interaction of the antibiotic drug norfloxacin with double-stranded DNA containing interior 5'-CpG-3', 5'-GpC-3', and 5'-GpG-3' steps was studied by 1H NMR. The drug is in fast exchange on the NMR timescale. A highly selective broadening of the imino proton resonances assigned to central CpG steps was observed after addition of drug, indicating an(More)
Sequences of four or more AT base pairs without a 5'-TA-3' step, so-called A-tracts, influence the global properties of DNA by causing curvature of the helix axis if phased with the helical repeat and also influence nucleosome packaging. Hence it is interesting to understand this phenomenon on the molecular level, and numerous studies have been devoted to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule between cells which has been shown to have an inhibitory effect on some virus infections. The purpose of this study was to examine whether NO inhibits the replication cycle of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS CoV) in vitro. We found that an organic NO donor,(More)
The triplex form of DNA is of interest because of a possible biological role as well as the potential therapeutic use of this structure. In this paper the stabilizing effects of two intercalating drugs, ethidium and the quinoxaline derivative 9-OH-B220, on DNA triplexes have been studied by thermal denaturation measurements. The corresponding duplex(More)
Ac motor current ripple in electric vehicles is source of electromagnetic interferences and audio noise, from the inverter-motor power connection cables and from the motor itself. By increasing the inverter switching frequency the ripple amplitude is reduced, but the drive efficiency decreases due to the proportionally increased switching losses. A viable(More)
Non-viral gene therapy constitutes an alternative to the more common use of viral-mediated gene transfer. Most gene transfer methods using naked DNA are based upon non-sequence-specific interactions between the nucleic acid and cationic lipids (lipoplex) or polymers (polyplex). We have developed a technology in which functional entities hybridize in a(More)
Optimisation of DNA triplex stability is of fundamental importance in the anti-gene strategy. In the present work, thermal denaturation studies by UV-spectrophotometry and structural and dynamical characterizations by NMR spectroscopy have been used systematically to investigate the effects on triplex stability of isolated insertions of different base(More)
The LightUp Probe technology has now matured and reached the phase where it has been implemented in commercial reagent kits, i.e. the ReSSQ product line. Several properties of the LightUp probes make them particularly suitable for clinical settings. For instance, extraordinary shelf life and a chemical stability that allows convenient fridge storage. The(More)
Using (1)H NMR spectroscopy, the base-pair opening dynamics of an antiparallel foldback DNA triplex and the corresponding duplex has been characterized via catalyzed imino proton exchange. The triplex system was found to be in an equilibrium between a duplex and a triplex form. The exchange rate between the two forms (i.e., the on/off-rate of the third(More)
Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is a DNA analog with broad biotechnical applications, and possibly also treatment applications. Its suggested uses include that of a specific anchor sequence for biologically active peptides to plasmids in a sequence-specific manner. Such complexes, referred to as Bioplex, have already been used to enhance non-viral gene transfer(More)
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