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Fetal exposure to caffeine is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Animal and human studies suggest that caffeine may have effects on the developing reproductive system. Here we report on mothers' smoking, coffee and alcohol use, recorded during pregnancy, and semen quality in sons in the age group of 38-47 years. Subjects were a subset of the Child(More)
BACKGROUND Female patients with cancer depend on loved ones; thus, family support is pivotal to assist patients in successfully adjusting to life with treatment routines. OBJECTIVE Our study explored the experiences of primary caregivers who provide care and support for female family members with cancer. METHODS This study used a qualitative(More)
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