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AIMS The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and prevalence of retinopathy and nephropathy, incident cardiovascular disease, and mortality in Type 2 diabetic patients without taking thyroid medication. METHODS Serum thyrotropin and free thyroxine concentrations were measured in 588 Type 2 diabetic(More)
AIMS Although beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance are observed in patients with Type 2 diabetes, beta-cell dysfunction plays a crucial role in the development of the disease. Mutations of transcription factor 1 (TCF1, or hepatocyte nuclear factor-1alpha) affect beta-cell function. We examined the impact of amino acid polymorphisms of this gene on(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an atopic disease characterized by eosinophilic inflammation in which dietary antigens (in particular, milk) play a major role. EoE is most likely a mixed IgE and non-IgE food-mediated reaction in which overexpression of Th2 cytokines, particularly IL-13, play a major role; however, the cells responsible for(More)
OBJECTIVES Drospirenone is a novel progestogen that, combined with 17β-estradiol, reduces the frequency and severity of menopausal vasomotor symptoms (VMS) in different populations. This double-blind, multicenter study compared the efficacy, safety and tolerability of 2 mg drospirenone/1 mg estradiol (DRSP/E2) vs. placebo in Chinese postmenopausal women(More)
Purpose: To provide an experimental basis for the anti-diarrheal and anti-oxidant properties of the bark extract of Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils., a Chinese traditional herb called magnolol. Methods: The effects of magnolol on castor oil-induced diarrhea, small intestinal transit (SIT) in mice were investigated. Additionally, the antioxidant activity(More)
AIMS This study investigated the effects of indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a compound from cruciferous vegetables, on various parameters related to obesity, in particular, the parameters of infiltration by macrophages and of inflammatory cytokines expressed during the co-culture of adipocytes and macrophages. METHODS Male C57BL/6 mice were fed with a control(More)
This study explores the inducing-apoptotic activity of the ethanol extract of Duchesnea indica Focke on treatment of herpes simplex encephalitis. Cell models were employed and divided into 4 groups: normal group, virus group, Duchesnea indica group and dexamethasone group. Cytopathic effect examination was employed to detect apoptosis of PC-12 and BV-2(More)
Although high potent nucleos(t)ide analogues are strongly recommended as first-line therapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China, some patients are still being treated with adefovir disoproxil (ADV), especially those low-income patients whose health insurance could not reimburse the drug cost. Therefore, the management of patients who have failed ADV(More)
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