M. -L. Smith

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The density and distribution of brain damage after 2–10 min of cerebral ischemia was studied in the rat. Ischemia was produced by a combination of carotid clamping and hypotension, followed by 1 week recovery. The brains were perfusion-fixed with formaldehyde, embedded in paraffin, subserially sectioned, and stained with acid fuchsin/cresyl violet. The(More)
Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of crude enzyme preparations on the performance and gastrointestinal tract size of chicks fed wheat and barley diets. In the first experiment, enzyme addition (100 and 200 mg/kg of Roxazyme G and 1,000 mg/kg of Avizyme SX) to diets containing Bedford barley improved weight gain (6%) and the feed to gain(More)
It has become increasingly clear that a stroke lesion usually consists of a densely ischemic focus and of perifocal areas with better upheld flow rates. At least in rats and cats, some of these perifocal (“penumbral”) areas subsequently become recruited in the infarction process. The mechanisms may involve an aberrant cellular calcium metabolism and(More)
The effects of hypothermia on hypoglycemic brain damage were studied in rats after a 30-min period of hypoglycemic coma, defined as cessation of spontaneous EEG activity. The rats were either normothermic (37°C) or moderately hypothermic (33°C). Morphological brain damage was evaluated after various periods of recovery. Hypothermic animals with halothane(More)
This study explores how hyperglycemia and enhanced tissue lactic acidosis influence the density and distribution of ischemic brain damage. Ischemia of 10-min duration was produced in glucose-infused rats by bilateral carotid clamping combined with hypotension, and the brains were perfusion-fixed with formaldehyde following recirculation of 3, 6, 12 and 18(More)
Prolonged ischemia is known to damage the blood-brain barrier, causing an increase in vascular permeability to proteins. We studied the time course of extravasation of endogenous albumin in rats after 1 and 2 h of middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion followed by 6, 12, and 24 h of recirculation. In a separate group of rats that had undergone 1 h of MCA(More)
Canine vascular endothelium labeled with indium-111-oxine was used as a marker of cell attachment to vascular prosthetic surfaces with complex textures. Primarily cultured and freshly harvested endothelial cells both took up the label rapidly. An average of 72% of a 32 micro Ci labeling dose was taken up by 1.5 X 10(6) cells in 10 min in serum-free medium.(More)
Current synthetic vascular prostheses do not acquire a complete lining of vascular endothelium in humans or dogs. Seeding of autogenous venous endothelium has bee reported to remedy this defect, but previous studies have been primarily morphologic. To see if venous endothelial seeding caused a measurable decrease in platelet-prosthetic interaction in vivo,(More)
Preischemic hyperglycemia aggravates brain damage following transient ischemia, and adds some special features to the damage incurred, notably a high frequency of postischemic seizures, cellular edema, and affectation of additional brain structures, such as the substanta nigra pars reticulata (SNPR). We raised the question whether mild intra-ischemic(More)
To study the effects of pronounced hypoglycemia on brain osmolality and brain edema formation, fasted rats were rendered hypoglycemic by injection of insulin, and subjected to 30 min of hypoglycemic coma. Recovery was accomplished by glucose administration. The change in water content in different brain regions was measured as a change in specific gravity(More)