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The purpose of the study was to compare the cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic responses to exercise of highly endurance trained subjects after 3 different nights i.e. a baseline night, a partial sleep deprivation of 3 h in the middle of the night and a 0.25-mg triazolam-induced sleep. Sleep-waking chronobiology and endurance performance capacity(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the hormonal responses, which are dependent on the sleep wake cycle, to strenuous physical exercise. Exercise was performed after different nocturnal regimens: (i) a baseline night preceded by a habituation night; (ii) two nights of partial sleep deprivation caused by a delayed bedtime or by an early awakening; and(More)
The development of personalised training programmes is crucial in the management of obesity. We evaluated the ability of 2 heart rate variability analyses to determine ventilatory thresholds (VT) in obese adolescents. 20 adolescents (mean age 14.3±1.6 years and body mass index z-score 4.2±0.1) performed an incremental test to exhaustion before and after a(More)
The changes in circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factors during exercise have to date remained incomplete in their documentation. Therefore, we examined in 25 healthy athletes the effects of three different durations of three types of exercise – incremental ergometer cycling exercise (ICE), long-distance Nordic ski race (NSR) and a(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a partial sleep deprivation on a subsequent supramaximal exercise evaluated from the 30 second Wingate test, and on the following recovery. To take into account the active muscle mass, the Wingate test was performed against a constant braking force related to the data of a force-velocity test conducted(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate whether endurance exercise in middle-aged men induces changes in plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) and total cysteine (tCys), and whether these changes depend on the diet especially on vitamin B(6), folic acid and vitamin B(12) intakes. METHODS Twelve trained subjects (52.33 +/- 2.4 years) and twelve untrained(More)
The changes in cardiac and ventilatory responses were measured in 7 endurance athletes during physical exercise on a bicycle ergometer, taking place after a control night and after a night with partial sleep deprivation in the middle of the night. The results show that, despite the maximal work load was not modified with control, heart rate, ventilation and(More)
Immersion is considered to facilitate exercise-based rehabilitation. However, the drag effect of moving limbs in water, likely to increase the respiratory requirements at exercise, is not mentioned in many reports. The energetic and ventilatory requirements of 30 min steady state cycling exercise performed by healthy male subjects in air and during(More)
In order to estimate the preoperative evaluation of the respiratory risk, a well adapted clinical examination associated with a routine pulmonary function test (VC, FEV1) can be sufficient. Although some patients with cardiopulmonary disorders or candidates to lung resection need more complex assessments: the flow-volume loop to detect small airways(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of water immersion to the chest on cardio-vascular adaptation to exercise. Upright or sitting immersion causes an increase in central blood volume, but it remains controversial whether central blood volume remains elevated during dynamic exercise in water and facilitates cardiac adaptation, depending(More)