M. L. Schäfer

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The development of secondary osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has recently become well recognized, characterized by demineralization at axial and in particular periarticular peripheral bone sites. Our aim was to evaluate multisite quantitative ultrasound (QUS) compared to digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) by the quantification of cortical bone(More)
This article deals with the history of the terminological and nosological development of the concept neurasthenia introduced in 1869 by George Miller Beard and in particular with its reappearance in western medicine in the 1980 s. Beginning with its predecessors in antiquity and continuing with hypochondria, which became a fashionable disease in the 18 th(More)
The objective of the study is to evaluate multi-site quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in comparison to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) considering the effects of body mass index (BMI) and disease activity on measurements in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Sixty-eight patients underwent a cross-sectional analysis of bone mineral(More)
The present paper deals with the problematic nature of the phenomenological grasping of the consciousness of the body and its pathological modifications. The reasoning is oriented by the doctrine of Husserl of the so-called sentiments as the fundamentals of the experience of the own body. This basic approach does not only seem to be basically for a(More)
Osteopenia of the cortical and trabecular bone partition is a common finding after immobilisation. Digital X-ray radiogrammetry (DXR) seems to quantify cortical demineralisation caused by circular saw amputation already few days after accident. The study analyses the extent of demineralisation caused by immobilisation in patients with digital amputation(More)
The significance of the typological approach in psychiatry, which has been partly forgotten and partly considered to be outdated at present, is discussed. It follows from considerations of terminology and the critique of knowledge that on the basis of its taxonomic function logically and unambiguously determined by Hempel and in particular by Oppenheim,(More)
Follow-up examination was carried out on 25 patients having suffered from severest head-ache syndromes for an average of 21.8 years. Three years after a six-week in-patient psychosomatic treatment these patients showed stable rates of improvement with regard to frequency and intensity of persistent head-ache, frequency and intensity of paroxysmal head-ache,(More)