Learn More
OBJECTIVES The aims of this prospective nationwide investigation were to establish the birth rate, mortality, and morbidity of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants in Finland in 1996-1997, and to analyze risk factors associated with poor outcome. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS The study population included all stillborn and live-born ELBW infants (birth(More)
The pharmacokinetics of morphine was studied in 27 infants receiving a single intravenous dose of 0.1 mg/kg morphine after surgery (n = 23) or during mechanical ventilation (n = 4). The pharmacokinetics of morphine varied greatly between the subjects, especially in the neonates. The clearance and half-life varied distinctly with postnatal age. The mean (+/-(More)
Physiological, plasma beta-endorphin and cortisol responses to nasotracheal intubation were studied in 20 distressed infants of median age 0.3 days (range 0.1-23 days) randomized into groups given pethidine 1 mg/kg (n = 10) or alfentanil 20 micrograms/kg plus suxamethonium 1.5 mg/kg (n = 10) before intubation. All of the infants were given glycopyrrolate(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether a prolonged low-dose course of indomethacin would produce an improved closure rate and have fewer side effects compared with a short standard dosage schedule in the management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN Sixty-one infants of gestational ages 24 to 32 weeks with a PDA confirmed with(More)
OBJECTIVE To study neurodevelopmental outcome in a two year cohort of extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants at 18 months corrected age, to compare the development of the ELBW infant subcohort with that of control children, and to find risk factors associated with unfavourable outcome. STUDY DESIGN All 211 surviving ELBW infants (birth weight < 1000 g)(More)
The authors evaluated whether alfentanil could be given before treatment procedures in critically ill mechanically ventilated neonates without adverse effects. Alfentanil (mean dose 11.7 micrograms/kg, range 9-15) was given intravenously to 20 mechanically ventilated critically ill newborn infants (mean birth weight 2510 g, range 1490-3990) during the first(More)
AIM To evaluate the trends in the incidence, clinical course and outcome of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the newborn in the Oulu University Hospital region in northern Finland. METHODS In the population of 58 990 infants, the incidence rates of RDS specific to gestational age and birthweight in two consecutive periods, 1990-95 and 1996-99, were(More)
AIM Premature infants with respiratory failure and early-onset pneumonia have low inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) and no evidence of nitric oxide (NO) toxicity. However, inhalation of NO may not be indicated in sepsis because excessive NO generation has been reported. This prospective study was designed to test the hypothesis that inhaled NO is(More)
OBJECTIVE Fulminant early-onset neonatal pneumonia is associated with ascending intrauterine infection (IUI), prematurity, persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN), and septicemia. Nitric oxide (NO) as an inflammatory mediator is included in antimicrobial defense and has a role in pathogenesis of septic shock. The aim was to study the role of inflammatory(More)
AIM Nitric oxide (NO) is an important mediator required for neonatal pulmonary circulatory adaptation and for pulmonary defence. Both deficient and excessive NO production have been proposed to play a role in neonatal lung disease. This study aimed to establish a method that allows direct measurement of exhaled and nasal NO concentrations in newborn infants(More)