M. L. Patchen

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It has generally been accepted that most biologically derived agents that are radioprotective in the hemopoietic-syndrome dose range (eg, endotoxin, Bacillus Calmette Guerin, Corynebacterium parvum, etc) exert their beneficial properties by enhancing hemopoietic recovery and hence, by regenerating the host's ability to resist life-threatening opportunistic(More)
C3H/HeN female mice were exposed to wholebody cobalt-60 radiation and administered soluble glucan (5 mg i.v. at 1 h following exposure), recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF; 2.5 micrograms/day s.c., days 3-12 following exposure), or both agents. Treatments were evaluated for their ability to enhance hemopoietic regeneration, and(More)
Six soluble polyglycans (glucan-C, glucan-F, glucan-S, krestin, lentinan, and schizophyllan), two soluble polymannans (mannan-A and mannan-R), and one soluble polyfructan (levan) were assayed for their ability to enhance hemopoietic recovery in C3H/HeN mice when administered either 1 h before or 1 h after a 6.5-Gy dose of cobalt-60 radiation. Hemopoietic(More)
Hemopoietic aplasia is the primary limitation of drug and radiation cancer therapies. We have previously demonstrated that, individually, both interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) can accelerate recovery from radiation-induced hemopoietic aplasia. In vitro studies suggest that IL-6 affects cells early in the hemopoietic(More)
Bacterial infections are lethal complications of neutropenia, and antibiotics alone are inadequate therapy for these infections. Irradiated mice become severely neutropenic and remain susceptible to infection for 2 to 3 weeks, depending on the dose and quality of radiation. Some bacterial cell wall derivatives stimulate nonspecific host defense mechanisms(More)
Glucan, WR-2721, and selenium, three agents with distinct radioprotective mechanisms, were evaluated in C3H/HeN mice for survival-enhancing and hemopoietic-regenerating effects when administered alone or in combinations before exposure to 60Co radiation. At LD50/30 radiation doses (radiation doses lethal for 50% of mice within 30 days postexposure), dose(More)
PGG-Glucan [Betafectin], a highly purified soluble beta-(1-6)-branched beta-(1 3)-linked glucan isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has broad in vitro and in vivo anti-infective activities unrelated to cytokine induction. Here we present in vivo results on the anti-infective activity of PGG-Glucan against a multiple antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus(More)
In order to compare both the actions of soluble glucan (glucan-F) and particulate glucan (glucan-P) on macrophages and the responsiveness of macrophages from C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice to these immunomodulators, interleukin-1 (IL-1) levels, phagocytosis and superoxide production were monitored after an in vitro exposure to glucan-F or glucan-P. A 2 or 20 h(More)
The hemopoietic effects produced by six different doses of a commercially available glucan preparation were investigated. C3H/HeN mice were intravenously injected with either 0.1, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, or 2.0 mg of glucan. Five days later, total nucleated cellularity, pluripotent stem cells (CFU-s), granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming cells (GM-CFC),(More)
PGG-glucan (Betafectin) is a soluble, highly purified yeast (1,3)-beta-glucan with broad anti-infective and immunomodulatory activities. These studies evaluated the ability of PGG-glucan to directly elicit O2- and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production by rat leukocytes in vitro. Particulate beta-glucan stimulated O2- production by the rat(More)