M. L. J. Schouw

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3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or ecstasy) is a popular recreational drug that has been shown to induce loss of brain serotonin (5-HT) neurons. The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) in assessing 5-HT dysfunction by examining the hemodynamic response evoked by infusion with(More)
Preclinical studies suggest that dexamphetamine (dAMPH) can lead to monoaminergic neurotoxicity. This exploratory study aimed to investigate effects of recreational dAMPH use on the dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA) systems in humans. To that purpose, eight male abstinent dAMPH (26.0 ± 4.0 years) users and 10 age- and IQ-matched male healthy control(More)
Pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) maps the neurovascular response to a pharmacological challenge and is increasingly used to assess neurotransmitter systems. Here we investigated the hemodynamic response to a dopaminergic (DAergic) challenge with dextroamphetamine (dAMPH) in humans using arterial spin labeling (ASL) based phMRI. Twelve(More)
D-amphetamine (dAMPH) and methylphenidate (MPH) are stimulants used in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Preclinical studies have shown that in healthy animals, dAMPH induces dopamine (DA) dysfunction, as evidenced for instance by loss of DA levels and its transporters. It has also been suggested that DA plays an important(More)
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