M L Heidrick

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Cytokines are a heterogenous group of polypeptide mediators that have been associated with activation of numerous functions, including the immune system and inflammatory responses. The cytokine families include, but are not limited to, interleukins (IL-I alpha, IL-I beta, ILIra and IL-2-IL-15), chemokines (IL-8/ NAP-I, NAP-2, MIP-I alpha and beta,(More)
The age-related decline in immune function, which is thought to be responsible for the increased incidence with age of certain diseases, including cancer, has been attributed primarily to a loss of T-lymphocyte function. As free radical reactions may contribute to cellular deterioration and loss of cell function with age, we investigated the effect of(More)
The enhancing effect of 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) on the immune responses of young and old unseparated spleen cells and purified populations of T-cells, B-cells and macrophages was studied. While 2-ME enhances both the normal responses of young cells and the age-reduced responses of old cells, the sulfhydryl compound has a relatively greater enhancing effect(More)
The activities of two enzymes of purine metabolism, adenosine deaminase (ADA) and purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), were determined in spleen lymphocytes from mice of various ages. We found that in the older animals, which have depressed responses to concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin, there is a decrease in the activity of PNP but normal activity(More)
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