M-L Haapanen

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CATCH syndrome, caused by a microdelection in chromosome 22, is characterized by cleft palate and cardiac anomalies. The majority of these children also have learning difficulties or speech and language deficits. These problems are often due to the dysmorphology of the articulatory system. In the present study, the duration of auditory sensory memory, which(More)
OBJECTIVES Our recent studies have demonstrated that the brain's automatic change-detection response, the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the event-related brain potential (ERP), is significantly attenuated in school-age children with CATCH syndrome and in children of the same age with cleft palate but without the CATCH syndrome. Among other problems, various(More)
OBJECTIVE Up to 46% of individuals with oral clefts suffer from language-learning disabilities. The degree of these disabilities varies according to cleft type. The pathogenesis of cognitive malfunctioning or its relationship with cleft type is not known. We investigated persistence of auditory short-term memory (STM) that is implicitly involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterise the activation of the contra- and ipsilateral primary somatosensory cortex (SI) after tactile stimulation of the face. METHODS Trigeminal somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (TSEFs) were recorded after tactile stimulation of the lower lip, cheek, chin and forehead in 11 healthy subjects. The responses were determined visually(More)
Language and learning disabilities occur in almost half of individuals with oral clefts. The characteristics of these cognitive dysfunctions vary according to the cleft type, and the mechanisms underlying the relation between cleft type, cognitive dysfunction, and cleft-caused middle-ear disease are unknown. This study investigates preattentive auditory(More)
Our recent study demonstrated with the brain's automatic change-detection response, the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the event-related potentials (ERPs), that the duration of auditory sensory memory is significantly shorter in school-age children with CATCH syndrome than in healthy age-matched controls. One of the characteristic symptoms of this syndrome,(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to study changes of velopharyngeal function between the ages of 3 and 8 years. The subjects were 65 (30 girls and 35 boys) Finnish-speaking non-syndromic children with isolated cleft palate (CP, n = 35) and with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP, n = 30) operated primarily at the age of 1.0-2.0 years. Before the age(More)
Maxillary advancement may result in movement of the posterior border of the hard palate with its soft palate attachment, which may cause impairment of velopharyngeal (VP) function. We examined VP function before and after Le Fort I osteotomy in 15 cleft lip and palate patients. The extent of maxillary advancement was measured by means of standard(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between lateral cephalometric variables and the misarticulation of /r/, /s/ and /l/ sound in cleft lip/palate children. The subjects were 134 Finnish-speaking 6-year-old boys with isolated cleft palate (CP, n = 33), unilateral (n = 44), bilateral (BCLP, n = 19) cleft lip and cleft lip/alveolus (n =(More)
We studied the association between velopharyngeal function and misarticulation of the dental consonants /r/, /s/ and /l/ in children with cleft lip/palate. We assessed 278 6-year-old Finnish-speaking non-syndromic children (115 girls, 163 boys) with isolated cleft palate (n= 81), cleft lip/alveolus (n= 82) or unilateral (n= 84) or bilateral (n= 31) cleft(More)