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Constitutive activation of the NF-kappaB pathway by the Tax oncoprotein plays a crucial role in the proliferation and transformation of HTLV-I infected T lymphocytes. We have previously shown that Tax ubiquitylation on C-terminal lysines is critical for binding of Tax to IkappaB kinase (IKK) and its subsequent activation. Here, we report that ubiquitylated(More)
Retroviral Gag expression is sufficient for capsid assembly, which occurs through interaction between distinct Gag domains. Human foamy virus (HFV) capsids assemble within the cytoplasm, although their budding, which mainly occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum, requires the presence of homologous Env. Yet little is known about the molecular basis of HFV Gag(More)
A new method for the isolation of high-molecular-weight DNA from eukaryotic cells is presented. It is based on formamide treatment and extensive dialysis of cellular proteinase K digests. This procedure consists mainly of a series of incubations allowing simultaneous preparation of several DNAs which can then be restricted, ligated, hybridized, and cloned.
Twelve long-term cell lines were established from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or cerebrospinal fluid cells of patients with human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-1) seropositive tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) originating from the French West Indies, French Guyana or the Central African Republic. Most of these long-term(More)
A comparative study at the genomic and protein level was performed between two immunologically related spumaretroviruses, the human HSRV and the simian SFV6. Cross immunoprecipitation analysis with specific polyclonal and monoclonal antisera indicates shared antigenic determinants. However, restriction analysis of the viral DNAs and thermal stability of the(More)
We have characterized human foamy virus (HFV) proviral DNA and determined HFV expression in a persistent infection model, the Dami megakaryocytic cell line. Molecular studies were performed on parental persistently infected cells (Dami-P), as well as on derived clones (Dami-Cl). We report that in these nonlytic and non-HFV producer cells, viral DNA was(More)
Foamy viruses (FVs) are complex retroviruses which have been isolated from different animal species including nonhuman primates, cattle, and cats. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a new FV isolated from blood samples of horses. Similar to other FVs, the equine foamy virus (EFV) exhibits a highly characteristic ultrastructure and induces(More)
Foamy viruses (spumaretroviruses) represent a retroviral genus which exhibits unusual features relating it to pararetroviruses. Previously, we reported the existence of a protein species harboring Env, Bel, and Bet epitopes in human foamy virus (HFV)-infected cells (M. L. Giron, F. Rozain, M. C. Debons-Guillemin, M. Canivet, J. Périès, and R.(More)
Human foamy virus (HFV) belongs to the spumaretrovirus group of the Retroviridae taxonomic family. Attempts to associate HFV or other foamy viruses to a specific pathology still remain unsuccessful. However, viral gene expression as well as tissue-specific tropism in an in vivo context remain poorly analyzed. To address this issue, we have infected domestic(More)