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Expanded criteria donors (ECDs) and donation after cardiac death (DCD) provide more kidneys in the donor pool. However, the financial impact and the long-term benefits of these kidneys have been questioned. From 1998 to 2005, we performed 271 deceased donor kidney transplants into adult recipients. There were 163 (60.1%) SCDs, 44 (16.2%) ECDs, 53 (19.6%)(More)
The localization and significance of regulatory T cells (Treg) in allograft rejection is of considerable clinical and immunological interest. We analyzed 80 human renal transplant biopsies (including seven donor biopsies) with a double immunohistochemical marker for the Treg transcription factor FOXP3, combined with a second marker for CD4 or CD8.(More)
BACKGROUND Tracheal neoplasms are extremely rare, representing only 0.2% of malignancies of the respiratory tract. A case of tracheal chondrosarcoma, with airway obstruction, seen in the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Cincinnati is presented. Review of the literature was undertaken, revealing 10 previously described(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest an association between diabetes mellitus and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Our aim was to determine (1) the prevalence and determinants of new onset posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in HCV (+) liver transplant (OLT) recipients, (2) the temporal relationship between recurrent allograft hepatitis and the onset of(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal allograft rejection associated with the development of donor-specific alloantibody (acute humoral rejection, AHR) typically carries a poor prognosis. The best treatment of this condition remains undefined. METHODS During a 14-month period, 73 renal transplants were performed. During the first postoperative month, five recipients(More)
The effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection on patient and allograft survival were determined in 1245 renal transplant recipients from 46 transplant centers. When an antilymphocyte preparation was administered to cadaveric allograft recipients, those at risk for primary CMV had a worse outcome than similar patients treated with prednisone and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute rejection (AR) associated with de novo production of donor-specific antibodies (DSA) is a clinicopathological entity that carries a poor prognosis (acute humoral rejection, AHR). The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of AHR in renal allograft recipients, and to further analyze the antibodies(More)
We have previously demonstrated that six weeks of prophylaxis with interferon-alpha delays cytomegalovirus excretion and decreases viremia in recipients of kidney transplants. In a double-blind trial to evaluate the effects of a longer course of prophylaxis, we gave either 3 X 10(6) units of interferon or placebo intramuscularly to 42 patients before(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) has been shown to be the primary cytokine responsible for the OKT3-induced acute clinical syndrome (OKT3-ACS). Recombinant human soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR:Fc) is a dimer of the p80 TNF receptor, which binds both TNFa and lymphotoxin (LT). Renal allograft recipients undergoing OKT3 therapy for(More)