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Although des-acyl ghrelin is thought of as a non-functional peptide, studies show that it decreases food intake and gastric emptying in mice. However, no studies have examined the effects of centrally administered des-acyl ghrelin on food intake and gastrointestinal transit in rats. We investigated the effects of intracisternal (IC) administration of(More)
Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats have excessively pentagastrin-simulated acid output in which insulin seems to attenuate rather than further stimulate acid output. The aim of this study was to determine the insulin impact on pentagastrin-stimulated acid output of diabetic and non-diabetic rats to resolve whether an attenuated effect does exist. Diabetic(More)
Delayed gastric emptying in patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) occurs in approximately 50% of these patients. However, the role and the action mechanism of insulin on gastrointestinal (GI) motility are still unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the involvement of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin(More)
The effects of oxytocin on gastric emptying, gastrointestinal transit, and plasma levels of cholecystokinin (CCK) were studied in ovariectomized rats. Gastrointestinal motility was assessed in rats 15 min after intragastric instillation of a test meal containing charcoal and Na2 51CrO4. Gastric emptying was determined by measuring the amount of radiolabeled(More)
Obestatin, a novel putative 23-amino acid peptide, is derived from mammalian preproghrelin gene via a bioinformatics approach. Although obestatin regulates thirst, sleep, memory, anxiety, activates cortical neurons in the brain and stimulate proliferation of retinal pigment epithelial cells, there is no study to explore its central impacts on the lower gut(More)
Urocortin II (Ucn II) is a new member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) family that binds selectively to the CRF subtype 2 receptor (CRF(2)). CRF or urocortin injected intravenously (i.v.) induced hypotension. We investigated the influence of iv human Ucn II (hUcn II) on basal mean blood pressure (MAP) and on the sympathetic mediated hypertensive(More)
Gastroparesis is a common complication of diabetes attributed to autonomic neuropathy. This study investigated whether acute hyperglycemia influences central thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), a well-established brain medullary vagal stimulus, induced gastric acid secretion in overnight fasted, urethane-anesthetized rats. Intravenous infusion of D-glucose(More)
Prolongation of gastrointestinal transit resulting in nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP) is the most common phenomenon during the first trimester of pregnancy. Increased human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) concentration during the first trimester is the most likely cause of NVP. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hCG on(More)
BACKGROUND Moderate to severe running usually leads to gastrointestinal dysmotility and critical energy exhaustion. It is unknown whether the carbohydrate metabolism of runners can influence gastric emptying (GE). Using a running rat model, the present study explored the impact of exercise/carbohydrate metabolism on liquid GE. METHODS Rats were put on the(More)
3-Nitropropionic acid (NPA) is a known toxic metabolite produced by many species ofAstragalus of the Leguminosae family. In 1992, Liu et al. reported that some species ofArthrinium were the etiological fungi of moldy sugarcane poisoning (MSP) occurring in China. The toxic metabolite NPA produced byArthrinium was the main causative agent. Ten percent(More)