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Tooth organogenesis is dependent on reciprocal and sequential epithelial-mesenchymal interactions and is marked by the appearance of phenotypic matrix macromolecules in both dentin and enamel. The organic matrix of enamel is composed of amelogenins, ameloblastin/amelin, enamelins and tuftelin. Dentin is mainly composed of type I collagen, but its(More)
Four mRNA of 10.5, 9.0, 4.0, and 2.8 kb are made from the sericin Ser1 gene by alternative maturation of a unique mRNA precursor. By means of RNA blots and in situ hybridization, we investigated variations in the distribution of these mRNA during the last larval instar in different territories of the middle silkgland. Taken together, the results from these(More)
The membrane cytoskeleton is increasingly considered as both an anchor and a functional modulator for ion channels. The cytoskeletal disruptions that occur in the absence of dystrophin led us to investigate the voltage-gated sodium channel (SkM1) content in the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle of the dystrophin-deficient mdx mouse. Levels of SkM1 mRNA(More)
Embryonic dental cells were used to check a series of criteria to be achieved for tooth engineering. Implantation of cultured cell-cell re-associations led to crown morphogenesis, epithelial histogenesis, organ vascularization, and root and periodontium development. The present work aimed to investigate the organization of predentin/dentin, enamel, and(More)
In order to elucidate the mechanisms involved in human dentin formation, we developed a cell culture system to promote differentiation of dental pulp cells into odontoblasts. Explants from human teeth were cultured in Eagle's basal medium supplemented with 10% or 15% fetal calf serum, with or without beta-glycerophosphate (beta GP). Addition of beta GP to(More)
Odontoblasts are highly specialized cells aligned at the edge of the dental pulp. As a step towards understanding the complex mechanisms underlying their terminal differentiation, the gene expression pattern was examined in human cultured odontoblast cells. Suppression substractive hybridization (SSH) was used to establish a substracted cDNA library(More)
The odontoblast phenotype has been mainly approached by the biochemical characterization of dentin matrix proteins and by extrapolation of the knowledge of bone cell biology, since dentin and bone share many similarities. In fact, direct investigations of the odontoblast phenotype have been hindered by the limited number of cells within the dental pulp and(More)
A primary cilium, a sensory organelle present in almost every vertebrate cell, is regularly described in odontoblasts, projecting from the surfaces of the cells. Based on the hypothesis that the primary cilium is crucial both for dentin formation and possibly in tooth pain transmission, we have investigated the expression and localization of the main cilium(More)
Samples of rat alveolar bone were first treated by collagenase digestion and then used as explants for cell culture. The cells obtained were subcultured and characterized by morphological and functional criteria. Their alkaline phosphatase activity was increased after incubation in 1,25-(OH)2 vitD3 10(-8) M whereas with gingival cells it did not change. The(More)
Our knowledge of the gene coding for amelogenin, the major enamel protein, is mainly based on mammalian sequences. Only two sequences are available in reptiles. To know whether the snake sequence is representative of the amelogenin condition in squamates, we have studied amelogenin in two scincid lizards. Lizard amelogenin possesses numerous conserved(More)