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The capacity of a tricalcium phosphate (TCP) ceramic to promote bone formation after grafting in intrabony defects was studied in humans. Five biopsies were collected from 4 patients during reentry surgery 16 to 40 months after implantation. They were processed without demineralization for histological examination. In the less mature samples, the grafted(More)
Several Heparin Binding Growth Factors (HBGFs) are thought to play a key role in the natural processes of tissue regeneration or repair after being released by neighbouring, inflammatory or circulating cells as well as from extracellular matrix associated heparan sulfate proteoglycosaminoglycans. In order to better understand how the bioavailability of(More)
RGTA are chemically defined compounds which proved to be very potent healing agents in various tissue repair models including skin, muscle and nerve. These chemicals are believed to protect endogenously released heparin-binding growth factors and enhance their bioavailability during healing. In craniotomy defects that do not heal spontaneously in adults,(More)
Heparin-binding growth factors (HBGFs) are known to stimulate bone repair when applied to bone lesions. Nevertheless, successful treatments are obtained with high protein doses since HBGFs are rapidly degraded in situ by multiple proteolytic activities associated with the inflammatory period of tissue healing. Like heparin or heparan sulfates, heparan-like(More)
We previously reported that RGTA®, a synthetic heparan sulfate mimetic, induces almost complete closure of craniotomy defects one month after surgery in adult rats. RGTA-treated wounds showed features suggesting unusual cell and matrix interactions reminiscent of developmental events. As healing success or failure is determined shortly after wounding, we(More)
BACKGROUND The nature of the multinucleated giant cells (MNGC) elicited in contact with implantable biomaterials is still indecisive. METHOD In Wistar rats the MNGC recruited after the implantation of hydroxyapatite (HA) particles in standardized skull defects were examined morphologically (at both the light and electron microscope levels), enzymatically(More)
Periodontitis are bacterium-driven inflammatory diseases that destroy tooth-supporting tissues whose complete restoration is not currently possible. RGTA, a new class of agents, have this capacity in an animal model. Periodontitis was induced in hamsters and, starting 8 weeks later, injected RG1503, a glycosaminoglycan synthesized from a 40 kDa dextran(More)
RGTA, a new family of dextran-derived healing agents, promotes the repair of various tissues, including bone. In this study, we examined whether a dose of RGTA lower than in our previous studies could still modify the healing pattern in craniotomy defects. In 24 rats, two defects (3 mm diameter) were drilled on either side of the calvaria sagittal suture.(More)
Bone graft healing involves an invasive process where vessels and cells penetrate the graft material to enable neoformation of bone. The origin of the material and its intrinsic properties and morphology are factors which affect its resorption and replacement. The first step involve formation of bone via the osteoconductive properties of the graft. For(More)