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The finding of new melanogaster sister species may help us in understanding more about how the emergence of genetic novelties, particularly in insular habitats, can result in speciation. Here we report on the discovery of Drosophila santomea, which is the first melanogaster sibling found off West-equatorial Africa, on São Tomé, one of the Gulf of Guinea(More)
Enzyme polymorphism in triatomine bugs of the genus Rhodnius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), vectors of Chagas disease, is analysed using both starch and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Out of forty-five enzymes assayed, the electromorphs of seventeen of them: AO, CA, DIA, ES, ES-A, FH, GPD, G6PD, GPI, MDH, ME, 6PGD, PGM, ACON, ACPH, LAP and SOD, involving(More)
We have used two paralogous genes (Amyrel and Amy) of the amylase multigene family to reconstruct the phylogeny of the nine Drosophila melanogaster subgroup sister species, including D. santomea, the newly discovered endemic from São Tomé island. The evolutionary divergence of these genes is of special interest as it is suspected to result from(More)
Asiatic Clams are common in brackish and fresh water in Asia, and they were introduced into North America in 1924 and have now spread throughout the continent. During the last two decades they have been reported in Europe, but the number of species here is uncertain. Populations of Corbicula from France and the Netherlands were analysed morphologically and(More)
While the two amylase genes of Drosophila melanogaster are intronless, the three genes of D. pseudoobscura harbor a short intron. This raises the question of the common structure of the Amy gene in Drosophila species. We have investigated the presence or absence of an intron in the amylase genes of 150 species of Drosophilids. Using polymerase chain(More)
A survey of enzyme variability between several strains of Trypanosoma cruzi allows to think that these organisms are diploids. According to the data sexuality, may be only occasional, has been hypothesized, at least in the recent past. The genetic distances between three strains are calculated for twelve loci.
We describe a gene from Drosophila melanogaster related to the alpha-amylase gene Amy. This gene, which exists as a single copy, was named Amyrel. It is strikingly divergent from Amy because the amino acid divergence is 40%. The coding sequence is interrupted by a short intron at position 655, which is unusual in amylase genes. Amyrel has also been cloned(More)
Electrophoretic polymorphism of amylases was studied in 45 geographic populations of the two cosmopolitan sibling species, D. melanogaster and D. simulans, and in one to three populations or strains of six other species in the D. melanogaster subgroup. Two species, D. erecta and D. orena, for which only a few strains were available were monomorphic. In the(More)
Speciation with gene flow may be more common than generally thought, which makes detailed understanding of the extent and pattern of genetic divergence between geographically isolated populations useful. Species of the Drosophila simulans complex provide a good model for speciation and evolutionary studies, and hence understanding their population genetic(More)