Learn More
The finding of new melanogaster sister species may help us in understanding more about how the emergence of genetic novelties, particularly in insular habitats, can result in speciation. Here we report on the discovery of Drosophila santomea, which is the first melanogaster sibling found off West-equatorial Africa, on São Tomé, one of the Gulf of Guinea(More)
We have used two paralogous genes (Amyrel and Amy) of the amylase multigene family to reconstruct the phylogeny of the nine Drosophila melanogaster subgroup sister species, including D. santomea, the newly discovered endemic from São Tomé island. The evolutionary divergence of these genes is of special interest as it is suspected to result from(More)
Asiatic Clams are common in brackish and fresh water in Asia, and they were introduced into North America in 1924 and have now spread throughout the continent. During the last two decades they have been reported in Europe, but the number of species here is uncertain. Populations of Corbicula from France and the Netherlands were analysed morphologically and(More)
Electrophoretic polymorphism of amylases was studied in 45 geographic populations of the two cosmopolitan sibling species, D. melanogaster and D. simulons, and in one to three populations or strains of six other species in the D. melanogaster subgroup. Two species, D. erecta and D. orena, for which only a few strains were available were monomorphic. In the(More)
Enzyme polymorphism in triatomine bugs of the genus Rhodnius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), vectors of Chagas disease, is analysed using both starch and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Out of forty-five enzymes assayed, the electromorphs of seventeen of them: AO, CA, DIA, ES, ES-A, FH, GPD, G6PD, GPI, MDH, ME, 6PGD, PGM, ACON, ACPH, LAP and SOD, involving(More)
We describe a gene from Drosophila melanogaster related to the alpha-amylase gene Amy. This gene, which exists as a single copy, was named Amyrel. It is strikingly divergent from Amy because the amino acid divergence is 40%. The coding sequence is interrupted by a short intron at position 655, which is unusual in amylase genes. Amyrel has also been cloned(More)
alpha-Amylases from Drosophila virilis and D. repleta were partially purified by ion exchange chromatography. The two amylases share common characteristics for pH and cations effects, although with slight differences. D. virilis has optimal activity at pH 6.6 and D. repleta at pH 7.2. Calcium, sodium, and potassium cations activate amylolytic activity in(More)
Speciation with gene flow may be more common than generally thought, which makes detailed understanding of the extent and pattern of genetic divergence between geographically isolated populations useful. Species of the Drosophila simulans complex provide a good model for speciation and evolutionary studies, and hence understanding their population genetic(More)
The number and organization of amylase genes in Drosophila ananassae were investigated through classical genetic methods and in situ and filter hybridizations. At least four genes may be active in D. ananassae, organized as two independent pairs of closely linked copies on the 2L and 3L chromosomal arms. Several other species of the D. ananassae subgroup(More)