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This study was performed to evaluate the dynamics of an arterial first pass gadolinium (Gd) contrast medium (CM) bolus at the descending aorta (DAo), depending on various saline flush and Gd volumes. Using an ultra-fast two- dimensional GE-sequence (Siemens Vision, 1.5-T), 200 sequential cross-sectional images of the addressed vessel (1 slice/s) were(More)
A retrospective review of sixty children with seventy-eight congenitally dislocated hips who had pre-reduction traction at home was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of the traction and the incidence of severe complications, with specific reference to the incidence and severity of avascular necrosis. Thirty other children with forty-two congenitally(More)
MR angiography (MRA) is a technique under ongoing discussion. Its non-invasiveness and sensitivity to flow irregularities make it an investigational technique which is easy to apply but which does not always lead to comprehensive results. It requires special skill to perform and also experience for correct interpretation of the results. The lengthiness of(More)
In this article the relation between contrast medium (CM) application and sequence parameters will be discussed with respect to clinical use of the contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) in the peripheral vessel region. The adjustment of the sequence parameters, the CM application timing and the bolus geometry is necessary for an(More)
This articles describes Phase-Contrast-MRA (PC-MRA) techniques and their current clinical applications for peripheral arteries based on more than 250 clinical MRA studies performed at two institutions. PC-MRA depends on phase shifts caused by blood flow and thus this technique permits the use of coronal or sagittal slice orientations with large FOV's along(More)
Through the introduction of newly invented high-performance gradient systems to MRI, which enable for echoplanar imaging (EPI), also magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has gained an entirely new field of applications and techniques. Ultrafast imaging techniques in MRA allow the investigation of larger vascular areas within a single breathhold-period.(More)
Purpose: To investigate whether phase-contrast MRA is a clinically suited approach to examine arteries of the pelvis and lower extremities. Methods: The study was divided into two parts, a volunteer study and patient study. Three MRA techniques – 2D TOF with venous saturation, 3D magnitude contrast and 2D phase contrast with ECG triggering – were(More)
Evaluation of the pulmonary vasculature is mainly indicated in patients with suspected pulmonary thromboembolism. The routine procedure so far is ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy alone or in combination with diagnostic assessment of the legs to rule out deep venous thrombosis. The results are still not reliable for the majority of patients. In the case of(More)
It has been shown in clinical trials that patients with high grade symptomatic carotid stenosis benefit from carotid thromboendarterectomy. Because of the invasiveness and the costs of intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography, the current standard of reference for the grading of carotid stenosis, magnetic resonance angiography, has become a technique(More)