M Kratzmeier

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The human leukemic cell line (HL-60) can be induced to differentiate in vitro to granulocytic form with retinoic acid (RA), or to monocytic/macrophage form with phorbol ester (TPA). The granulocytic form acquires nuclear lobulation, nuclear envelope-limited chromatin sheets (ELCS), and cytoskeletal polarization, none of which are acquired following(More)
Characteristic steps in the course of cellular apoptosis are the induction of chromatin condensation and cleavage of the DNA, leading to the formation of oligomers of nucleosomes. Since the H1 histones represent functional elements that are essential for the generation of highly condensed chromatin structures, we analysed the total cellular H1 histones of(More)
H1 histones are involved in the formation of higher order chromatin structures and in the modulation of gene expression. Changes in chromatin structure are a characteristic initial feature of apoptosis. We therefore have investigated the histone H1 pattern of the human leukemic cell line HL60 undergoing programmed cell death, as induced by topoisomerase I(More)
The complete set of seven human H1 histone subtype genes was heterologously expressed in yeast. Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae lacks standard histone H1 we could isolate each recombinantly expressed human H1 subtype in pure form without contamination by endogenous H I histones. For isolation of the H1 histones in this expression system no tagging was needed(More)
AbstractCharacteristic steps during cellular apoptosis are the induction of chromatin condensation and subsequent DNA fragmentation, finally leading to the formation of oligomers of nucleosomes. We have examined the kinetics and local distribution of this nucleosomal fragmentation within different genomic regions. For the induction of apoptosis, HL60 cells(More)
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