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The effect of acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA, 3 g per day for 3 days) on glucose utilization and insulin secretion was studied in healthy volunteers and Type 2 diabetic patients using the hyperglycaemic and euglycaemic insulin clamp technique. When in healthy subjects arterial plasma glucose was acutely raised and maintained at +7 mmol/l above fasting level,(More)
To better understand impairment of glucose utilization in diabetics during a hyperosmolal state, in vitro models were established to evaluate the interdependence of hyperosmolality on basal as well as insulin-dependent glucose uptake by rat epididymal fat pads and diaphragms. Using the epididymal fat pad it was shown that NaCl and urea induced(More)
To understand better impairment of glucose utilization in diabetics during a hyperosmolal state, in vitro models were established to evaluate the effects of hyperosmolality on basal glucose uptake as well as glucagon dependent glucose release by isolated hepatocytes. In these studies simulating a hyperglycaemic (40 mmol glucose) and hyperosmolal (up to 500(More)
To elucidate the potency of continuous vs. intermittent exposure to hormonal stimuli, hepatic glucose production of isolated perfused rat livers was monitored in response to glucagon and insulin infusion. Using a nonrecirculating perfusion system, continuous exposure to glucagon (35 pM) induced a rise in hepatic glucose production from basal 0.33 +/- 0.03(More)
To evaluate the role of pulsatile insulin administration, hepatic glucose production (HGP) and utilization were studied in type I diabetic patients in the fasting state and during a euglycemic insulin (1 mU X kg-1 X min-1 i.v.) clamp with continuous and pulsatile insulin administration. In the latter study, insulin was infused at twice the continuous rate(More)
To establish a qualitative and quantitative model of blood glucose response to stress hormone exposure, healthy subjects (HS) on and off somatostatin (250 micrograms/h) as well as insulin dependent diabetic patients were infused with either epinephrine (E), glucagon (G), cortisol (F), growth hormone (GH) or with a cocktail of these hormones raising plasma(More)
Hyperthyroidism is known to further impair carbohydrate metabolism in diabetic patients. In the present study we examined in noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetic patients the effect of T3-induced hyperthyroidism on glucose utilization and endogenous glucose production by means of the hyperinsulinemic and hyperglycemic clamp technique in combination with(More)
This study evaluates stimulated insulin production rate (incremental AUC x MCR (metabolic clearance rate) of C-peptide) and blood glucose (BG) response after i.v. administration of glimepiride (Hoe 490, GLI, CAS 93479-97-1) (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50 mg) in healthy man (27 +/- 4 yrs). It was shown that i.v. bolus administration of GLI (0.25, 0.50,(More)
To elucidate the efficacy of continuous vs. intermittent exposure to epinephrine, phenylephrine, and insulin, hepatic glucose production was monitored in isolated perfused rat livers (means +/- SE, n = 6 each). To this end livers of fed rats were perfused with 5 mM glucose Krebs-Ringer buffer in a nonrecirculating system. Using this model it was shown that(More)
To elucidate in vitro the transience of glucagon-induced hepatic glucose release, the effects of glucagon on hepatic glucose production and cAMP release were evaluated in the isolated rat liver preparation perfused by a nonrecirculating system. Glucagon was added to the infusate in stepwise increasing concentrations at 0, 60, and 100 min to give final(More)