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An algorithm has been developed which identifies alpha-helices involved in the interactions of membrane proteins with lipid bilayers and which distinguishes them from helices in soluble proteins. The membrane-associated helices are then classified with the aid of the hydrophobic moment plot, on which the hydrophobic moment of each helix is plotted as a(More)
The genomic region containing the mouse immunoglobulin gamma 3 heavy chain membrane (M) exons has been located and sequenced. The exon structure is highly similar to that of the other mouse gamma chains, with strong sequence conservation in the coding regions and the intron 5' to the M1 exon. The intron between M1 and M2 shows moderate sequence homology but(More)
We have used cDNA probes for lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase to determine the chromosomal and subchromosomal locations of the human genes for these lipolytic enzymes. Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA from 17 independent mouse-human somatic cell hybrids demonstrated the presence of the gene for human lipoprotein lipase on chromosome 8, whereas the(More)
Clones for rat hepatic lipase were isolated by probing a rat liver cDNA library in lambda gt11 with an oligonucleotide synthesized on the basis of a partial peptide sequence. The cloned messenger codes for a protein of 472 amino acids plus a hydrophobic leader sequence of 22 amino acids. The unglycosylated protein has a predicted molecular weight of 53,222(More)
Studies were carried out in mice utilizing inhibitors of several cell surface molecules to evaluate their relative roles in chylomicron remnant removal. Anti-LDL receptor antibody inhibited approximately 45% of rapid remnant removal from plasma, prolonged their half life (63 s to 115 s) and reduced hepatic uptake by 45%. Receptor-associated protein (RAP) (1(More)
Hepatic lipase is proposed to have a role in steroidogenesis through its involvement in the metabolism of high density lipoproteins. We examined the activity, synthesis, distribution, and uptake of this enzyme and assessed the content of its mRNA in luteinized ovaries. We found that during peak steroidogenesis, ovaries of pregnant mare's serum(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is a cytosolic neutral lipase that hydrolyzes intracellular stores of triglycerides within adipocytes and is thought to be the rate limiting enzyme in lipolysis; however, direct evidence to prove this concept has been lacking. The present study was designed to establish the function of HSL in adipocytes. A 2360-bp fragment(More)
Rat hepatic triglyceride lipase was expressed as a bacterial fusion protein and as a secreted protein in eukaryotic cells. The bacterial fusion construct coded for seven amino acids at the N-terminus which are not present in the hepatic lipase cDNA, but otherwise consisted of only the complete mature lipase sequence. Fusion protein was isolated as an(More)
The enzyme hepatic lipase may play several roles in lipoprotein metabolism. Recent investigation has suggested a role for the enzyme in lipoprotein and/or lipoprotein lipid uptake. To study this, a simple isolated system that mimics the in vivo system would be desirable. The enzyme is secreted by the hepatic parenchymal cell but exists, and presumably(More)
ApoE is a ligand for the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor as well as for the LDL receptor-related protein (LRP). The enzyme hepatic lipase (HL) may also affect the uptake of lipoproteins by modifying their composition. We have tested the hypothesis that hepatic lipase and apoE can function as co-factors to alter the rate of lipoprotein uptake. Chinese(More)