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KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
To investigate the pathophysiological role of anti-GM1 antibody in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), we reviewed sequential nerve conduction studies of 345 nerves in 34 GBS patients. Statistically significant correlation between IgG anti-GM1 antibodies and electrodiagnoses was found. Sixteen IgG anti-GM1-positive patients were classified as having acute motor(More)
Super-Kamiokande is the world’s largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. During the period April, 1996 to July, 2001, Super-Kamiokande I collected 1678 live-days of data, observing neutrinos from the Sun, Present address: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. Present address: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena,(More)
To clarify the relations of the axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) to anti-ganglioside antibodies and Campylobacter jejuni infection, 86 consecutive Japanese GBS patients were studied. Electrodiagnostic criteria showed acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in 36% of the patients and acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) in 38%. Frequent(More)
Molecular mimicry between microbial and self-components is postulated as the mechanism that accounts for the antigen and tissue specificity of immune responses in postinfectious autoimmune diseases. Little direct evidence exists, and research in this area has focused principally on T cell-mediated, antipeptide responses, rather than on humoral responses to(More)
Bickerstaff reported eight patients who, in addition to acute ophthalmoplegia and ataxia, showed drowsiness, extensor plantar responses or hemisensory loss. This condition has been named Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE). One patient had gross flaccid weakness in the four limbs. Presumably because of the rarity of this disorder, there has been no(More)
The KamLAND experiment has determined a precise value for the neutrino oscillation parameter Deltam21(2) and stringent constraints on theta12. The exposure to nuclear reactor antineutrinos is increased almost fourfold over previous results to 2.44 x 10(32) proton yr due to longer livetime and an enlarged fiducial volume. An undistorted reactor nu[over]e(More)
BACKGROUND In Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), anti-ganglioside antibodies are strongly associated with the acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) form, but there are also cases of the demyelinating form of GBS (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy [AIDP]) with anti-ganglioside antibodies. OBJECTIVE To elucidate the patterns and sequential changes(More)
Some humans develop the axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome after receiving bovine brain ganglioside. On sensitization with the ganglioside mixture, all of a group of rabbits injected developed high anti-GM1 IgG antibody titers, flaccid limb weakness of acute onset, and a monophasic illness course. Pathological findings for the peripheral nerves showed(More)
To determine the clinical features of a Guillain-Barré syndrome variant with prominent facial diplegia, we retrospectively reviewed approximately 8,600 cases referred to our neuroimmunological laboratory for serological tests during the past seven years. Patients’ histories, neurological signs, and laboratory and electrophysiological data were clarified(More)