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The benefit of sleep in general for memory consolidation is well known. The relevance of sleep characteristics and the influence of hormones are not well studied. We explored the effects of a nap on memory consolidation of motor (finger-tapping-task) and verbal (associated-word-pairs) tasks in following settings: A: young, healthy males and females during(More)
The second generation antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine frequently induce weight gain. Randomized studies investigating abnormal eating behavior (food craving, binge eating) possibly associated with weight gain are lacking. Thirty patients with schizophrenia, schizophreniform, or schizoaffective disorder were included in this randomized, double-blind,(More)
Sleep is critically involved in the consolidation of procedural memory. In major depression (MD) and during antidepressant pharmacotherapy, changes in sleep EEG are well documented. Here, we test if off-line motor memory consolidation is impaired in MD. 50 medicated patients with an acute episode of MD, 50 normal controls and 12 patients with a remitted(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin promotes a positive energy balance, e.g. by increasing food intake. Stimulation of the activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis promotes a negative energy balance, e.g. by increasing energy expenditure. We therefore hypothesized that ghrelin suppresses the HPT axis in humans, counteracting its energy-saving effect. (More)
BACKGROUND Sleep supports the consolidation of procedural memory, however patients with major depression show impaired motor memory performance after a night of sleep. It was hypothesized that this impairment is related to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction. We tested if high-dose administration of corticosteroids impairs off-line motor(More)
The second generation antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine are known to cause weight gain. However, only clozapine is associated with drug-induced fever. Cytokines have been linked to the induction of both weight gain and drug-induced fever. We investigated these potential side effects of clozapine and olanzapine and studied their differential effects on(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting primarily the upper and lower motor neurons. A common feature of all ALS cases is a well-characterized neuroinflammatory reaction within the central nervous system (CNS). However, much less is known about the role of the peripheral immune system and its(More)
CONTEXT Ghrelin affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in various nonhuman mammalians, predominantly by suppressing secretion of LH. However, for humans, no such evidence exists. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to study the effect of ghrelin on secretion of LH and testosterone in humans. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTION Nocturnal (2000-0700(More)
Ghrelin showed antidepressant-like effects in mice. Furthermore, ghrelin influences sleep and the activity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and somatotropic axis in healthy humans as indicated by increased cortisol and growth hormone (GH) plasma levels. Both sleep and the activity of these endocrine axes are disturbed in depression. We therefore(More)
Information on the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the main mammalian system of stress response, in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is inconsistent. In this study, nine inpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of OCD without comorbid major depression (Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale [Y-BOCS] score >15; HAMD-21 total score 16)(More)