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Detailed electronic many-body configurations are extracted from quantitatively measured time-resolved nonlinear absorption spectra of resonantly excited GaAs quantum wells. The microscopic theory assigns the observed spectral changes to a unique mixture of electron-hole plasma, exciton, and polarization effects. Strong transient gain is observed only under(More)
The anisotropic effective mass of energetic electrons in an isotropic, nonparabolic conduction band is revealed using ultrafast THz-pump-THz-probe techniques in a n-doped InGaAs semiconductor thin film. A microscopic theory is applied to identify the origin of the observed anisotropy and to show that the self-consistent light-matter coupling contributes(More)
  • M Kira
  • Nature communications
  • 2015
Sufficiently strong interactions promote coherent quantum transitions in spite of thermalization and losses, which are the adversaries of delicate effects such as reversibility and correlations. In atomic Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs), strong atom-atom interactions can eject atoms from the BEC to the normal component, yielding quantum depletion instead(More)
Acceleration and collision of particles has been a key strategy for exploring the texture of matter. Strong light waves can control and recollide electronic wavepackets, generating high-harmonic radiation that encodes the structure and dynamics of atoms and molecules and lays the foundations of attosecond science. The recent discovery of high-harmonic(More)
An experiment-theory comparison is presented to demonstrate terahertz-induced extreme-nonlinear transients in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-well system. The terahertz-pump and optical-probe experiments show pronounced spectral modulations of the light- and heavy-hole excitonic resonances. Excellent agreement with the results of microscopic many-body calculations is(More)
Intense multiterahertz fields of order megavolts per centimeter are used to coherently promote optically dark and dense paraexcitons in Cu2O from the 1s into the 2p state. The nonlinear field response of the intraexcitonic degrees of freedom is directly monitored in the time domain via ultrabroadband electro-optic sampling. The experimental results are(More)
Interacting many-body systems are characterized by stable configurations of objects--ranging from elementary particles to cosmological formations--that also act as building blocks for more complicated structures. It is often possible to incorporate interactions in theoretical treatments of crystalline solids by introducing suitable quasiparticles that have(More)
Excitons are quasi-particles that form when Coulomb-interacting electrons and holes in semiconductors are bound into pair states. They have many features analogous to those of atomic hydrogen. Because of this, researchers are interested in exploring excitonic phenomena, from optical, quantum-optical and thermodynamic transitions to the possible condensation(More)
Ever since Ernest Rutherford scattered α-particles from gold foils, collision experiments have revealed insights into atoms, nuclei and elementary particles. In solids, many-body correlations lead to characteristic resonances--called quasiparticles--such as excitons, dropletons, polarons and Cooper pairs. The structure and dynamics of quasiparticles are(More)