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In order to study neuronal information transfer from the striatum to the globus pallidus (GP) during voluntary movement, we recorded activity of electrophysiologically identified projection neurons in the putamen to the GP while the monkey was performing learned movement tasks. Two categories of putamen neurons were recorded: one with tonic spontaneous(More)
In patients with hepatic cirrhosis, the globus pallidus and putamen show high intensity on T1-weighted MRI. While the causes of this high signal have been thought to include paramagnetic substances, especially manganese, no evidence for this has been presented. Autopsy in four cases of hepatic cirrhosis permitted measurement of metal concentrations in brain(More)
We measured muscle strength in 36 patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with autogenous bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. Quadriceps and hamstring isokinetic strength was assessed during concentric contraction at 60 and 180°/s and was measured at 1, 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively. At 24 months quadriceps muscle strength had(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is considered a biomarker of human aging and based on cross-sectional studies it shortens with age. However, longitudinal studies reported that many adults display LTL lengthening. METHODS Using Southern blots, we compared cross-sectional rates of age-related LTL change across a ∼20 year age range with those(More)
Telomere length decreases with age and is associated with osteoblast senescence. In 2,150 unselected women, leukocyte telomere length was significantly correlated with bone mineral density. Clinical osteoporosis was associated with shorter telomeres, suggesting that telomere length can be used as a marker of bone aging. The length of telomeres in(More)
The acetylcholine (ACh) and choline (Ch) concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid were investigated in patients with vascular dementia of the Binswanger type (VDBT) or multiple small infarct type (MSID) as compared with patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD). The ACh concentration in patients with ATD was found to be significantly lower than in(More)
The aim of this report was to investigate the neural processes of movement initiation and control in which the basal ganglia play an essential role. Single-neuron activity was recorded in the putamen of monkeys performing learned arm movements initiated in three different modes: sensorially guided, internally-timed self-initiated and memory guided. There(More)
Organic acidemias (OAs) have been detected worldwide in symptomatic patients using gas chromatography mass spectrometry. We diagnosed 188 Asian cases of OAs by analysis of urinary organic acids and investigated their clinical onset and outcome. Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) was most common (74 cases), followed by propionic acidemia (23 cases), ornitine(More)
No consensus exists as to the best endoscopic treatment for Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Endoscopic band ligation is a readily available and easily learned technique. This prospective study evaluated the efficacy and safety of endoscopic band ligation therapy for Mallory–Weiss syndrome. From August 1998 to June 2005, a clinical trial assessed 37 patients with a(More)
Introduction: Fine-grained inclusions (FGIs) are considered to be of condensation origin judging from their fine-grained texture and the Group II REE pattern typically found in FGIs [1]. Group II REE pattern is characterized by depletion of HREE (except Tm) relative to LREE and depletion of the least refractory Eu and Yb, suggesting condensation from a(More)