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Specific pathogen free (SPF) domestic cats were inoculated with tissue homogenate obtained from a Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis) that had died in a North American zoo from a natural infection with canine distemper virus (CDV). The cats developed a transient cell-associated CDV viraemia along with pronounced lymphopenia but did not show any(More)
Comparison of 87 distinct Mhc-DQB sequences, obtained from 13 primate species, demonstrates that five out of eight trans-species Mhc-DQB allele lineages are at least 30 million years old and predate divergence of hominoid and Old World primate species. One lineage may be much older because its members are not only traced back in higher primates, but also(More)
MHC class I molecules usually present peptides derived from endogenous antigens that are bound in the endoplasmic reticulum. Loading of exogenous antigens on class I molecules, e.g., in cross-priming, sometimes occurs, but the intracellular location where interaction between the antigenic fragment and class I takes place is unclear. Here we show that(More)
An unusual monoclonal antibody (MARB4) directed against HLA-B27 that reacts with only approximately 5-20% of the cell surface HLA-B27 was used for large-scale purification of these molecules. Subsequent mass spectrometry of HLA-B27-bound peptides showed that the minor MARB4-reactive population contained peptides primarily from 900 to 4000 Da in size(More)
Several disease outbreaks, which have caused the deaths of many thousands of seals and dolphins during the last decade, have now been attributed to infections with newly identified Morbilliviruses. Outbreaks in the late eighties amongst harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) in northwestern Europe and amongst baikal seals (Phoca(More)
Recently an epizootic, reported to be due to a morbillivirus infection, affected the lion population of the Tanzanian Serengeti National Park. A morbillivirus phosphoprotein (P) gene fragment was amplified by PCR from tissue samples of several affected lions. Sequencing of the amplificates and subsequent phylogenetic analyses revealed that a wild-type(More)
Mhc-DRB and -DQA1 second-exon and -DRB 3'-untranslated-region nucleotide sequences of three lowland gorillas with no known family relationship with each other and of two HLA homozygous typing cell lines were determined and compared with published primate Mhc-DRB and -DQA1 sequences. Eleven distinct MhcGogo-DRB second-exon sequences were found, which(More)
Nucleotide sequencing of the fusion protein (F) gene of phocid distemper virus-2 (PDV-2), recently isolated from Baikal seals (Phoca sibirica), revealed an open reading frame (nucleotides 84 to 2075) with two potential in-frame ATG translation initiation codons. We suggest that the second in-frame ATG triplet at positions 264 to 266 initiates the(More)
Variable regions with sequence length variation in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope exhibit an unusual pattern of codon usage with AAT, ACT, and AGT together composing > 70% of all codons used. We postulate that this distribution is caused by insertion of AAT triplets followed by point mutations and selection. Accumulation of the encoded(More)