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Specific pathogen free (SPF) domestic cats were inoculated with tissue homogenate obtained from a Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonensis) that had died in a North American zoo from a natural infection with canine distemper virus (CDV). The cats developed a transient cell-associated CDV viraemia along with pronounced lymphopenia but did not show any(More)
Fifty-four chimpanzee Patr-DRB and five human HLA-DRB second exons were cloned and sequenced from thirty-five chimpanzees and four human B-cell lines and compared with known Mhc-DRB sequences of these two species. Equivalents of the HLA-DRB1*02, -DRB1*03, -DRB1*07 allelic lineages and the HLA-DRB3, -DRB4, -DRB5, -DRB6, and -DRB7 loci were all found in the(More)
Allelic diversity at the major histocompatibility complex class II DP locus of rhesus macaques was studied by sequencing exon 2 of Mamu-DPA1 and -DPB1 genes. The Mamu-DPA1 gene is apparently invariant, whereas the Mamu-DPB1 locus displays polymorphism. Here we report the characterization of 1 Mamu-DPA1 and 13 Mamu-DPB1 alleles which were compared with other(More)
MHC class I molecules usually present peptides derived from endogenous antigens that are bound in the endoplasmic reticulum. Loading of exogenous antigens on class I molecules, e.g., in cross-priming, sometimes occurs, but the intracellular location where interaction between the antigenic fragment and class I takes place is unclear. Here we show that(More)
Recently an epizootic, reported to be due to a morbillivirus infection, affected the lion population of the Tanzanian Serengeti National Park. A morbillivirus phosphoprotein (P) gene fragment was amplified by PCR from tissue samples of several affected lions. Sequencing of the amplificates and subsequent phylogenetic analyses revealed that a wild-type(More)
An unusual monoclonal antibody (MARB4) directed against HLA-B27 that reacts with only approximately 5-20% of the cell surface HLA-B27 was used for large-scale purification of these molecules. Subsequent mass spectrometry of HLA-B27-bound peptides showed that the minor MARB4-reactive population contained peptides primarily from 900 to 4000 Da in size(More)
Variable regions with sequence length variation in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope exhibit an unusual pattern of codon usage with AAT, ACT, and AGT together composing > 70% of all codons used. We postulate that this distribution is caused by insertion of AAT triplets followed by point mutations and selection. Accumulation of the encoded(More)
Several disease outbreaks, which have caused the deaths of many thousands of seals and dolphins during the last decade, have now been attributed to infections with newly identified Morbilliviruses. Outbreaks in the late eighties amongst harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) and grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) in northwestern Europe and amongst baikal seals (Phoca(More)
The variation of the Mhc-DQA1 and DQA2 loci of ten different primate species (hominoids and Old World monkeys) was studied in order to obtain an insight in the processes that generate polymorphism of major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) class II genes and to establish the evolutionary relationships of their alleles. To that end nucleotide sequences of 36(More)
Twenty-one independent immunoglobulin heavy chain VH3DJH rearrangements were cloned and sequenced from livers of human fetuses at 7, 13 and 18 weeks of gestation. The VH elements expressed were not somatically mutated. Eight out of the estimated 30 VH3 elements were utilized with a preference for five of them. One of these VH3 sequences, designated FL13-28,(More)