M Kazim Husain

Learn More
Whereas epidemiological data strongly link vitamin D (VD) deficiency to childhood asthma, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Although VD is known to stimulate alveolar epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, promoting perinatal lung maturation, whether VD supplementation during this period protects against childhood asthma has not been(More)
The concentrations of vasopressin in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the chronically catheterized fetal lamb were measured under basal and hypoxic conditions. Under basal conditions, samples were obtained from 13 fetal lambs of 117-146 days gestation. The mean +/- SEM vasopressin level in CSF was 19.5 +/- 1.5 pg/ml; the mean plasma vasopressin(More)
Vasopressin and its binding protein, neurophysin, were measured by radioimmunoassay in the hypophyseal portal blood of monkeys after cannulation of individual long portal veins. Mean vasopressin concentrations (13,800 picograms per milliliter) in portal blood were more than 300 times as high as those in the systemic circulation (42 picograms per(More)
Summary: Hypoxia is a potent stimulus to the release of vasopressin in fetal sheep, and plasma concentrations of the hormone correlate inversely with fetal oxygenation. Since the fetal kidney contributes to vasopressin clearance, we propose that measurement of increased amounts of vasopressin in amniotic fluid would be indicative of fetal hypoxia.(More)
Nicotine stimulation, induced by cigarette smoking, has previously been identified as a potent stimulus for vasopressin release in humans. In this study, radioimmunoassay measurements of plasma vasopressin and human neurophysin were performed on samples taken from 14 normal subjects during cigarette smoking. Significant rises in vasopressin occurred in 10(More)
Marked elevations in the vasopressin concentrations in human umbilical cord blood have been reported previously (4, 8). This could either be a part of generalized increase in the activity of fetal endocrine system at the time of birth, a phenomenon that has led to the concept of fetal participation in the onset of labor, or simply due to the stress of(More)
Summary: The factors associated with increased renal excretion of vasopressin (VP) were examined in the hypoxic fetus and newborn. Studies were conducted on six chronically instrumented fetal (117-136 days gestation) and seven newborn lambs (2-6-dayold). Hypoxia was produced by administration of 10% oxygen to the ewe or neonate for 30 min. This procedure(More)
The relative effects of 3 stimuli in the release of vasopressin (VP) by the fetus were examined in 19 chronically instrumented fetal lambs, 118-135 days gestational age. The fetus was exposed to: 1) 30-min administration of 10% O2 to the pregnant ewe, 2) 20 min of partial occlusion of the umbilical cord, or 3) 2 min of complete occlusion of the umbilical(More)