M Karpefors

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We have investigated the electron-proton coupling during the peroxy (P(R)) to oxo-ferryl (F) and F to oxidised (O) transitions in cytochrome c oxidase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The kinetics of these reactions were investigated in two different mutant enzymes: (1) ED(I-286), in which one of the key residues in the D-pathway, E(I-286), was replaced by an(More)
In cytochrome c oxidase, a requirement for proton pumping is a tight coupling between electron and proton transfer, which could be accomplished if internal electron-transfer rates were controlled by uptake of protons. During reaction of the fully reduced enzyme with oxygen, concomitant with the "peroxy" to "oxoferryl" transition, internal transfer of the(More)
In the reaction cycle of cytochrome c oxidase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, one of the steps that are coupled to proton pumping, the oxo-ferryl-to-oxidized transition (F --> O), displays a large kinetic deuterium isotope effect of about 7. In this study we have investigated in detail the dependence of the kinetics of this reaction step ¿k(FO)(chi) on the(More)
When dioxygen is reduced to water by cytochrome c oxidase a sequence of oxygen intermediates are formed at the reaction site. One of these intermediates is called the "peroxy" (P) intermediate. It can be formed by reacting the two-electron reduced (mixed-valence) cytochrome c oxidase with dioxygen (called P(m)), but it is also formed transiently during the(More)
The cytochrome c and ubiquinol oxidases discussed in this article are membrane-bound redox-driven proton pumps which couple an electron current to a proton current across the membrane. This coupling requires a control of the thermodynamics and/or rates of internal electron- and proton-transfer reactions (termed 'gating'). Therefore, to understand the(More)
We have recorded multi-frequency EPR spectra of 63Cu- and 65Cu-labeled, water-soluble CuA-protein from the cytochrome ba3 of T. thermophilus. The spectrum taken at the highest frequency (34.03 GHz) shows no hyperfine structure and is nominally axial with apparent gz approximately 2.18 and gxy approximately 2.00. The spectrum taken at the lowest frequency(More)
We have investigated the dynamics of proton equilibration within the proton-transfer pathway of cytochrome c oxidase from bovine heart that is used for the transfer of both substrate and pumped protons during reaction of the reduced enzyme with oxygen (D-pathway). The kinetics of the slowest phase in the oxidation of the enzyme (the oxo-ferryl --> oxidized(More)
Photoinduced electron transfer from cytochrome c to plastocyanin was investigated using a novel method. Reduced carboxymethylated cytochrome c (CmCyt c), with carbon monoxide bound to the heme iron, and oxidized plastocyanin were mixed. At 1 mM CO the reduced state of CmCyt c is stabilized by about 350 meV. After flash photolysis of CO the apparent redox(More)
The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of the binuclear CuA center in the water-soluble subunit II fragment from cytochrome ba3 of Thermus thermophilus was recorded at 3.93, 9.45, and 34.03 GHz, and the EPR parameters were determined by computer simulations. The frequency and M1 dependence of the linewidth was discussed in terms of g strain(More)
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