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In this paper we report on the architectural design issues and experiences gained while building and demonstrating an experimental interpreting video phone (IVP) system. The IVP system has been demonstrated in an internet home shopping simulation simultaneously before live audiences in Japan and the U.S. An American shop assistant and a Japanese customer(More)
work frame synchronously with its front-end. Recognition process starts as soon as the first speech frame is detected and runs concurrently with the front-end. In most cases recognition result is immediately available as soon as the last frame designating end-of-speech gets delivered by the front-end process. In order to keep task recognition accuracy high,(More)
iii iv Acknowledgements This has been a long long ride, indeed. Quite a few among my friends and family had long stopped asking me " when? " , and then when I mentioned voluntarily that I was defending my thesis there was initial disbelief, some hesitancy, yet somehow no element of surprise, no one really must have thought I would not take my sweet time(More)
Using the pig as a model, it was shown that stimulation of the distal nerve ending of the pudendal nerve leads to the isolated stimulation of the external anal sphincter muscle. No difference in pressure response was noted after application of between 0.5 and 1.5 mA unilateral or bilateral stimulation. Major advantages observed using between 1.5 and 2.5 mA(More)
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