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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is considered as an important virulence factor of Helicobacter pylori, and contributes to infection persistence and disease severity. ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose-6-epimerase is an enzyme essential for LPS synthesis and understanding of its biochemistry is critical for drug development. We cloned one putative ortholog of(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that causes chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcers. Drugs targeting H. pylori phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase (HpPPAT), which is involved in CoA biosynthesis, may be useful. Herein, we report the expression in Escherichia coli and purification of recombinant HpPPAT and describe a crystal structure for an(More)
High energy ionizing radiation can cause DNA damage and cell death. During clinical radiation therapy, the radiation dose could range from 15 to 60 Gy depending on targets. While 2 Gy radiation has been shown to cause cancer cell death, studies also suggest a protective potential by low dose radiation. In this study, we examined the effect of 0.2-2 Gy(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a notorious human pathogen and the appearance of antibiotic resistance of this bacterium has posed a serious threat to human health. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a key virulence factor and plays important roles in pathogenesis of H. pylori infection. Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate isomerase (GmhA), as an enzyme participating in the first(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect several forms of adenylyl cyclase (AC's) expressed in human erythroleukemia (HEL) cells. Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were synthesized based on the conserved sequences in the C2a area of the AC's. HEL cells were found to contain mRNA for type III and type VI AC. In addition, a novel AC message was(More)
Among the five enzyme complexes in the oxidative phosphorylation system, NADH-coenzyme Q oxidoreductase (also called complex I) is the largest, most intricate, and least understood. This enzyme complex spans the inner mitochondrial membrane and catalyzes the first step of electron transfer by the oxidation of NADH, and thereby provides two electrons for the(More)
NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) flavoprotein 2 (NDUFV2), containing one iron sulfur cluster ([2Fe-2S] binuclear cluster N1a), is one of the core nuclear-encoded subunits existing in human mitochondrial complex I. Defects in this subunit have been associated with Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Bipolar disorder, and Schizophrenia. The aim of this(More)
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