We analyzed phonological and visual information processes of four Japanese dyslexic children between 7-10 years of age. None of them had disability in word retrieval and/or auditory memory. Two of them manifested lower score in phonological awareness tests while the others showed normal score. All children showed subnormal score in a visual cognitive test,… (More)
Information about subscriptions and ASH membership may be found online at: reserved.
We reported a 7-year-old, right-handed boy whose reading and writing of kana and kanji were impaired. He also showed a severe deficit in visuo-spatial perception skills. Nevertheless, his ability to read and write kana characters was facilitated by means of the Japanese Syllabaries. It is generally considered that the Syllabary involve two kinds of language… (More)
We investigated the usability and limitations of Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) results in 6-year-old Japanese preschool children to estimate whether reading difficulties will be encountered after school entry. We administered a RAN task to 1,001 preschool children. Then after they had entered school, we performed follow-up surveys yearly to assess their… (More)
This is the first study to report differences between Japanese children with and without dyslexia in the way string-length and lexicality effects are manifested when reading Japanese kana. These children were asked to read kana words and non-words consisting of either two or five kana characters. The results showed that the error rates of the normal… (More)
Two Japanese patients with pure alexia, SH and YH, who showed right homonymous hemianopia following a left occipital lobe lesion, demonstrated letter-by-letter (LBL) reading in pronouncing Japanese kana words and nonwords. In contrast to alphabetic letters, each Japanese kana character has an invariant and identical pronunciation whether it appears in… (More)