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Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic progressive destructive disease. Currently available instruments measure disease activity at a specific point in time. An instrument to measure cumulative structural damage to the bowel, which may predict long-term disability, is needed. The aim of this article is to outline the methods to develop an instrument that can(More)
The incidence of various cancers, especially non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), is higher among patients who receive azathioprine for immunosuppression after organ transplants than in the general population. We have studied the risk of neoplasia after azathioprine in 755 patients treated for inflammatory bowel disease. The patients received 2 mg/kg daily for a(More)
BACKGROUND Although constipation can be a chronic and severe problem, it is largely treated empirically. Evidence for the efficacy of some of the older laxatives from well-designed trials is limited. Patients often report high levels of dissatisfaction with their treatment, which is attributed to a lack of efficacy or unpleasant side-effects. Management(More)
AIMS Our previous experiments revealed an association of PTPIP51 (protein tyrosine phosphatase interacting protein 51) with the insulin signalling pathway through PTP1B and 14-3-3beta. We aimed to clarify the role of PTPIP51 in adipocyte metabolism. METHODS Four groups of ten C57Bl/6 mice each were used. Two groups were fed a standard diet; two groups(More)
Urinary dysfunction is common in cases of multiple sclerosis (MS). The close proximity of those neural pathways which control the bladder to those which control anorectal function might be expected to lead to a high coexistence of bladder and bowel symptoms. Seventy-seven consecutive patients with clinically definite MS attending a uroneurology clinic were(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether gut focused behavioural treatment (biofeedback) is a useful therapy in multiple sclerosis patients referred for constipation, incontinence, or a combination of these symptoms. Most patients with multiple sclerosis complain of constipation, faecal incontinence, or a combination of the two. Patients rate these bowel symptoms as(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of adalimumab in the healing of draining fistulas in patients with active Crohn's disease (CD). DESIGN A phase III, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled study with an open-label extension was conducted in 92 sites. PATIENTS A subgroup of adults with moderate to severely active CD (CD activity index(More)