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Quorum sensing relies upon the interaction of a diffusible signal molecule with a transcriptional activator protein to couple gene expression with cell population density. In Gram-negative bacteria, such signal molecules are usually N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) which differ in the structure of their N-acyl side chains. Chromobacterium violaceum, a(More)
Plasmid reporter vectors have been constructed which respond to activation of LuxR and its homologues LasR and RhlR (VsmR) by N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). The expression of luxCDABE from transcriptional fusions to PluxI, PlasI and PrhlI respectively, occurs in the presence of activating AHLs. A profile of structure/activity relationships is seen where(More)
Several bacterial species possess the ability to differentiate into highly motile swarmer cells capable of rapid surface colonization. In Serratia liquefaciens, we demonstrate that initiation of swarmer-cell differentiation involves diffusible signal molecules that are released into the growth medium. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces a spectrum of exoproducts many of which have been implicated in the pathogenesis of human infection. Expression of some of these factors requires cell-cell communication involving the interaction of a small diffusible molecule, an "autoinducer," with a positive transcriptional activator. In P. aeruginosa PAO1, LasI directs(More)
The genome sequence of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has provided the first complete inventory of the working parts of a eukaryotic cell. The challenge is now to discover what each of the gene products does and how they interact in a living yeast cell. Systematic and comprehensive approaches to the elucidation of yeast gene function are discussed and(More)
The luxCDABE operon of Photorhabdus luminescens has been cloned and engineered as an easily mobilisable cassette flanked by sites for commonly used restriction enzymes. Constitutive and promoter probe plasmids utilising the P. luminescens luxCDABE have been constructed using a number of compatible replicons and antibiotic markers. Complementary to these(More)
Spent culture supernatants from both Aeromonas hydrophila and Aeromonas salmonicida activate a range of biosensors responsive to N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs). The genes for a quorum sensing signal generator and a response regulator were cloned from each Aeromonas species and termed ahyRI and asaRI, respectively. Protein sequence homology analysis places(More)
In Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, expression of elastase is dependent upon an interaction between the positive transcriptional activator LasR and the auto-inducer molecule N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (OdDHL), the synthesis of which is directed by LasI. Previously we have shown that in PAN067, an elastase-negative mutant of PAO1, elastase(More)
Micro-organisms have evolved complex and diverse mechanisms to sense environmental changes. Activation of a sensory mechanism typically leads to alterations in gene expression facilitating an adaptive response. This may take several forms, but many are mediated by response-regulator proteins. The luxR-encoded protein (LuxR) has previously been characterised(More)
Quorum sensing control mediated by N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) signaling molecules has been established as a key feature of the regulation of exoenzyme production in many gram-negative bacteria. In Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 31532 a number of phenotypic characteristics, including production of the purple pigment violacein, hydrogen cyanide,(More)