M K Lakshmana

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The role of monoamine oxidase (MAO) type A and B on the metabolism of dopamine (DA) in discrete regions of the monkey brain was studied. Monkeys were administered (-)-deprenyl (0.25 mg/kg) or clorgyline (1.0 mg/kg) or deprenyl and clorgyline together by intramuscular injections for 8 days. Levels of DA and its metabolites, dihydroxy phenylacetic acid(More)
The organochlorine insecticide, endosulfan was administered (6 mg/kg body weight) to Wistar rat pups of both sexes by gastric intubation daily from post-natal days 2-25. Its effect on levels of noradrenaline (NA), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) was assayed in olfactory bulb (OB), hippocampus (HI), visual cortex (VC), brainstem (BS) and cerebellum (CB)(More)
Chronic (-) deprenyl (0.2 mg/kg, b.wt; for 25 days) treatment induced alterations in the dendritic morphology of prefrontal cortical neurons in adult Bonnett monkeys were evaluated in the present study. The branching points and intersections in apical and basal dendrites were studied up to a distance of 400 and 200 micrometers, respectively, in Golgi(More)
The mechanism by which (-) deprenyl enhances cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is not yet understood. (-) Deprenyl (0.2 mg/kg/day) was administered intramuscularly to adult male monkeys (n = 6) for 25 days. Control monkeys (n = 6) received physiological saline by the same route. The activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in different brain(More)
Groups of adult, male, Wistar rats were administered phenytoin (DPH) at 5, 12.5, 25, 50, or 75 mg/kg i.p. for 21 days. The learning and memory of these rats were assessed using the T-maze and passive avoidance tests. The plasma DPH levels, acetylcholine esterase (AChE) activity in different brain regions, and the levels of monoamines in the hippocampus were(More)
The learning and memory in adult, male Wistar rats were assessed using the T-maze and passive avoidance tests after chronic administration of phenobarbital (PB) at 5, 15, 30, 60, or 75 mg/kg intraperitoneally (IP) for 21 days. The PB levels in plasma, the acetylcholine esterase (AChE) activity in the motor cortex, pyriform cortex, olfactory bulb, striatum,(More)
The experiments were conducted on 24 adult male Wistar rats to find out the alterations in the levels of monoamines and dendritic spine densities in the medial preoptic area and cortex after total sleep deprivation. Noradrenaline was reduced in the medial preoptic area, though there was no significant change in the cortex. Dopamine and serotonin were(More)
The effect of light deprivation on the levels of dopamine and noradrenaline was studied in the developing rat retina. These transmitters were estimated in three groups of rats: (i) cycling light reared; (ii) dark reared since birth; and (iii) dark reared since birth, but exposed to cycling light for 1 day prior to the estimation of catecholamines. Our(More)
Groups of adult male Wistar rats were administered carbamazepine (CBZ) in doses of 5, 10, 20, 40 or 80 mg/kg/day intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 21 days. The learning and memory of the rats were assessed by the T-maze and passive avoidance tests. The CBZ plasma levels, the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in different brain regions, and the levels of(More)
Several drugs of herbal origin are known to possess anxiolytic and antidepressant effects. In a recent study, we showed that extracts from Euphorbia hirta L. (Euphorbiaceae) (Eh) demonstrated anxiolytic effects in rats subjected to chronic immobilization stress (CIS) but not in rats that underwent forced swim stress (FSS). Acetylcholine and the cholinergic(More)