M. K. Konings

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OBJECTIVE The accuracy of bioimpedance stroke volume index (SVI) is questionable as studies report inconsistent results. It remains unclear whether the algorithms alone are responsible for these findings. We analyzed the raw impedance data with three algorithms and compared bioimpedance SVI to transpulmonary thermodilution (SVI(TD)). DESIGN AND SETTING(More)
We examined the unwanted radiofrequency (RF) heating of an endovascular guidewire frequently used in interventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A Terumo guidewire was partly immersed in an oblong saline bath to simulate an endovascular intervention. The temperature rise of the guidewire tip during an FFE sequence [average specific absorption rate(More)
Performing minimally invasive vascular interventions requires proper training, as a guide wire needs to be manipulated, by the tail, under fluoroscopic guidance. To provide a training environment, the motion of the guide wire inside the human vasculature can be simulated by computer. Such a simulation needs to be based on an algorithm that is both realistic(More)
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a tapping device for needle insertion for prostate brachytherapy. This device will tap the needle into the prostate with a certain, well-defined, amount of momentum, instead of the currently used method of pushing the needle. Because of the high needle insertion velocity, we expect prostate motion and(More)
Recent studies show that the presence of fatty lesions in the atherosclerotic vessel wall is a risk factor for acute occlusion of blood vessels. Although fat has a high electrical resistivity, existing impedance catheter systems cannot be used for detection of these lesions because artifacts owing to impedance variations in the extravascular surroundings(More)
We developed a magnetic resonance (MR)-safe tracking catheter using an optical fiber with a light-diffusing tip segment to transport laser energy through the catheter. This energy is converted to a DC current running through a small coil at the catheter tip. Our method is inherently MR-safe since the use of long conducting wires is avoided. The intravoxel(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, a non-invasive, continuous ventricular stroke volume monitoring system using skin electrodes has been developed. In contrast to impedance-based methods, the new technique (ventricular field recognition) enables measurement of changes in ventricular volume. A prototype using this new method was built (the hemologic cardiac profiler,(More)
Proton resonance frequency shift-based MR thermometry (MRT) is hampered by temporal magnetic field changes. Temporal changes in the magnetic susceptibility distribution lead to nonlocal field changes and are, therefore, a possible source of errors. The magnetic volume susceptibility of tissue is temperature dependent. For water-like tissues, this dependency(More)
Multi-infusion therapy, in which multiple pumps are connected to one access point, is frequently used in patient treatments. This practice is known to cause dosing errors following setpoint changes in the drug concentrations that actually enter the patients. Within the Metrology for Drug Delivery Project, we analyzed and quantified the two main physical(More)