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Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes a permanent neurological disability, and no satisfactory treatment is currently available. After SCI, pro-nerve growth factor (proNGF) is known to play a pivotal role in apoptosis of oligodendrocytes, but the cell types producing proNGF and the signaling pathways involved in proNGF production are primarily unknown. Here, we(More)
In the present study, we found that nestin-expressing spheroid cells derived from multipotent adipose stem cells of subcutaneous fat tissue could efficiently differentiate into Schwann cells (SCs) in vitro based on expression of SC markers such as A2B5, GFAP, O4, p75, S100, Sox10, Krox-20, and L1. The induced SC is engrafted to spinal cord injury lesions(More)
Protein oligomerization serves an important function in biological processes, yet solving structures of protein oligomers has always been a challenge. For solution NMR, the challenge arises both from the increased size of these systems and, in the case of homo-oligomers, from ambiguities in assignment of intra- as opposed to intersubunit NOEs. In this(More)
The proteasome system is a proteolytic pathway that regulates the expression of genes involved in inflammation. Recently, an association of a functional sequence variation, -8C/G, in the human proteasome subunit a type 6 gene (PSMA6) with the susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) was reported. After that, several validation studies have been(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have important roles in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Several reports indicate that tissue development and cellular differentiation in the developing forebrain are disrupted in the absence of miRNAs. However, the functions of miRNAs during cerebellar development have not been systematically characterized. Here, we(More)
The potential benefits or the tissue-damaging effects of inflammatory response after central nervous system injuries have long been disputed. Recent studies have noted that substance P (SP), a neuropeptide, plays an important role in the wound-healing process by recruiting bone marrow stem cells to the injured tissue. In this study, we examined whether SP(More)
To investigate the infections of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) in domesticated animals, we sampled a total of 3,039 animals in 2 counties in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China, from April to November 2011. SFTSV-specific antibodies were detected in 328 (69.5%) of 472 sheep, 509 (60.5%) of 842 cattle, 136 (37.9%) of 359(More)
Previously, we have reported that substance P (SP) enhanced functional recovery from spinal cord injury (SCI) possibly by the anti-inflammatory modulation associated with the induction of M2-type macrophages at the injured lesion. In this study, we explored the cytokine expression profiles and apoptotic cell death in the lesion site of the SCI after an(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant methylation of promoter DNA and transcriptional repression of specific tumor suppressor genes play an important role in carcinogenesis. Recently, many studies have investigated the association between cigarette smoking and p16(INK4α) gene hypermethylation in lung cancer, but could not reach a unanimous conclusion. METHODS AND FINDINGS(More)