M Jeffrey Mphahlele

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A growing body of evidence indicates that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals are more likely to be infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) than HIV-negative individuals, possibly as a result of shared risk factors. There is also evidence that HIV-positive individuals who are subsequently infected with HBV are more likely to become HBV(More)
This retrospective study investigated the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in 192 stored sera from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive South African patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), and explored the implications of HBV-HIV co-infection on laboratory diagnosis of HBV. HBV serology (HBsAg, anti-HBs and anti-HBc) and nested HBV(More)
This was a retrospective, unmatched case control, laboratory-based study, investigating the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on the outcome of routine laboratory detection of HBsAg and prevalence of active HBV infection in 295 samples from 167 HIV-positive and 128 HIV-negative patients. The samples were tested for HBV (HBsAg, anti-HBc,(More)
South Africa implemented a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) into the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) in April 1995. The HBV vaccine is given at 6, 10, and 14 weeks, in parallel with OPV, DTP and Hib vaccines. This study assessed the impact of universal childhood HBV vaccination programme in reducing HBsAg carriage, in the first five years(More)
The prevalence of markers for hepatitis B virus (HBV) exposure and active infection in HIV-positive (n=710) and HIV-negative (n=710) pregnant South African women was investigated. The following statistically significant increases in the HIV-positive group were found: anti-hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) (37.3% versus 28.6%; odds ratio [OR]: 1.49);(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 5 is the predominant genotype in South Africa. However, to date, only 2 full-length genotype 5 genomes have been sequenced and only one is from South Africa. This study characterized HCV genotype 5 sequences from South Africa, including six near full-length genomes, as well as the E1 region from an additional 12 genotype 5(More)
The rotavirus outer capsid proteins elicit the production of neutralizing antibodies and are known to play a role in inducing resistance to disease. In this study, cDNA probes directed at the six most common human rotavirus VP7 serotypes (G1 to G4, G8, and G9) and five human rotavirus VP4 genotypes (P4, P6, P8, P9, and P10) were utilized. Hybridization(More)
The relative frequency and distribution of the VP4 (P) genotypes of 227 human rotavirus field strains were investigated in South Africa. The stool samples were collected between 1984-1993 from infants and young children with diarrhea at Ga-Rankuwa Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa. The RNA was extracted from stools, heat denatured, and dot blotted onto nylon(More)
The G9 rotaviruses are amongst the most common global rotavirus strains causing severe childhood diarrhoea. However, the whole genomes of only a few G9 rotaviruses have been fully sequenced and characterised of which only one G9P[6] and one G9P[8] are from Africa. We determined the consensus sequence of the whole genomes of five African human group A G9(More)