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Standard recommendations for evaluating and treating jaundice in term babies include following all babies closely for jaundice, obtaining several laboratory tests in those with early jaundice or bilirubin levels more than 12 to 13 mg/dL (205 to 222 mumol/L), using phototherapy to try to keep bilirubin levels below 20 mg/dL (342 mumol/L), and doing exchange(More)
This article is adapted from a published evidence report concerning neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with an added section on the risk of blood exchange transfusion (BET). Based on a summary of multiple case reports that spanned more than 30 years, we conclude that kernicterus, although infrequent, has at least 10% mortality and at least 70% long-term morbidity.(More)
We measured the serum bilirubin concentrations in 2,416 consecutive infants admitted to our well baby nursery. The maximal serum bilirubin concentration exceeded 12.9 mg/dL (221 mumol/L) in 147 infants (6.1%), and these infants were compared with 147 randomly selected control infants with maximal serum bilirubin levels less than or equal to 12.9 mg/dL. A(More)
Oxygen consumption ((Vo2), carbon dioxide production (Vco2), and insensible water loss (IWL) were measured simultaneously in nine nondistressed, appropriately grown, premature infants less than 2 weeks old, nursed in a conventional, blow-warmed incubator, and were compared with measurements made on the same infants under a radiant heater. The infants had a(More)
The purpose of the study was to establish the frequency of, reasons for, and outcome of formula changes in infants. In this survey, we interviewed a convenience sample of 100 parents in our pediatric outpatient clinic and 75 parents in private pediatric office practices regarding their baby's initial formula, changes in formula, age at change, reason for(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the Minolta/Hill-Rom Air-Shields Transcutaneous Jaundice Meter model JM-103. METHODS We studied a convenience sample of 849 newborns > or =35 weeks of gestation in 3 hospitals. These infants had total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels measured on clinical indication, and transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB)(More)
We studied 17 preterm infants receiving caffeine, and measured their plasma levels of caffeine and the theophylline metabolite by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The half-life was calculated by computer analysis using the least-square method. The mean gestational age of our patients was 29.7 +/- 1.9 weeks (mean +/- SD) and they were studied at 20.7 +/-(More)
A male infant weighing 3400 g was born at 37 weeks' gestation after an uncomplicated pregnancy. The mother is a 24-year-old primipara who has type A Rh-positive blood. The infant's course in the hospital nursery was uncomplicated. Although his mother needed considerable help in establishing effective breast-feeding, he was exclusively breast-fed. Jaundice(More)