M. J. Whelan

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Chemicals present in domestic wastewater can adsorb to solid phase materials during sewage treatment. If biosolids (or sewage sludge) are applied to land, these chemicals can be transferred to soil. Under some circumstances they can also be transferred to surface waters during storm events either in solution or attached to sediment. In this paper we(More)
The behaviour of cyclic volatile methyl siloxanes (cVMS) in lakes was explored using a fugacity-based steady-state non-equilibrium multimedia fate and transport model (a modified version of QWASI). Three substances were investigated: Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) and Dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6) in two(More)
The antimicrobial substance triclosan has widespread use in personal care products and can enter the terrestrial environment if sewage sludge is applied to soil. The inhibitory effects of triclosan on basal and substrate-induced respiration (SIR) of three different soils were investigated. Soils were dosed and later redosed with four nominal triclosan(More)
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is becoming increasingly popular for treating organic waste. The methane produced can be burned to generate electricity and the digestate, which is high in mineral nitrogen, can be used as a fertiliser. In this paper we evaluate potential losses of ammonia via volatilization from food waste anaerobic digestate using a closed chamber(More)
The anti-microbial substance triclosan can partition to sewage sludge during wastewater treatment and subsequently transfer to soil when applied to land. Here, we describe the fate of triclosan in a one-year plot experiment on three different soils receiving sludge. Triclosan and methyl-triclosan concentrations were measured in soil samples collected(More)
When river water quality fluctuates over relatively short periods of time with respect to the sampling frequency, the collection of grab samples may be inappropriate for characterising average water quality. This paper presents the results of a water quality monitoring study carried out on a stretch of the river Lambro (northern Italy) dominated by a(More)
Modern conventional farming provides Western Europe and North America with reliable, high quality, and relatively cheap supplies of food and fiber, increasingly viewed as a potential source of fuel. One of the costs is continued widespread pollution of rivers and groundwater-predominantly by nutrients. In 1970, in both the United States and UK, farming was(More)
The behaviour of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) in river water was evaluated by measuring concentration changes in open beakers. Effective values for the partition coefficient between organic carbon and water (K(OC)) were derived by least-squares optimisation of a dynamic model which accounted for partitioning between the sorbed and dissolved phases of(More)
This paper sub-samples four 35 year water quality time series to consider the potential influence of short-term hydrological variability on process inference derived from short-term monitoring data. The data comprise two time series for nitrate (NO(3)-N) and two for DOC (using water colour as a surrogate). The four catchments were selected not only because(More)
The behaviour of the cyclic volatile methyl siloxane (cVMS) decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) in surface waters is explored using a combination of laboratory experimentation and mathematical modelling. In the laboratory experiment, changes were observed in the concentration of radiolabelled D5 in open stirred beakers containing mineral medium with different(More)