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Chemicals present in domestic wastewater can adsorb to solid phase materials during sewage treatment. If biosolids (or sewage sludge) are applied to land, these chemicals can be transferred to soil. Under some circumstances they can also be transferred to surface waters during storm events either in solution or attached to sediment. In this paper we(More)
When river water quality fluctuates over relatively short periods of time with respect to the sampling frequency, the collection of grab samples may be inappropriate for characterising average water quality. This paper presents the results of a water quality monitoring study carried out on a stretch of the river Lambro (northern Italy) dominated by a(More)
The anti-microbial substance triclosan can partition to sewage sludge during wastewater treatment and subsequently transfer to soil when applied to land. Here, we describe the fate of triclosan in a one-year plot experiment on three different soils receiving sludge. Triclosan and methyl-triclosan concentrations were measured in soil samples collected(More)
A dynamic multi-media model that includes temperature-dependency for partitioning and degradation was developed to predict the behaviour of petroleum hydrocarbons during biopiling at low temperature. The activation energy (Ea) for degradation was derived by fitting the Arrhenius equation to hydrocarbon concentrations from temperature-controlled soil(More)
A good quantitative understanding of phosphorus (P) delivery is essential in the design of management strategies to prevent eutrophication of terrestrial freshwaters. Most research to date has focussed on surface and near-surface hydrological pathways, under the common assumption that little P leaches to groundwater. Here we present an analysis of national(More)
Triclosan (TCS) is used in a range of domestic products and may reach aquatic environments after disposal "down-the-drain". Reach-specific TCS concentrations were predicted using the stochastic water quality model LF2000-WQX for two heavily urbanised regions in England, encompassing some of the most densely populated areas (including London and Birmingham).(More)
Modern conventional farming provides Western Europe and North America with reliable, high quality, and relatively cheap supplies of food and fiber, increasingly viewed as a potential source of fuel. One of the costs is continued widespread pollution of rivers and groundwater-predominantly by nutrients. In 1970, in both the United States and UK, farming was(More)
Long records of river water quality are invaluable for helping to understand the biogeochemistry of hydrological systems. They allow relationships to be established between changes in water quality (including seasonal cycles, episodic responses and long-term trends) and potential drivers, such as climatic forcing or human activity; they can act as a(More)
The behaviour of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) in river water was evaluated by measuring concentration changes in open beakers. Effective values for the partition coefficient between organic carbon and water (K(OC)) were derived by least-squares optimisation of a dynamic model which accounted for partitioning between the sorbed and dissolved phases of(More)
GREATER (Geography-referenced Regional Exposure Assessment Tool for European Rivers) is a model system for predicting chemical fate and exposure in surface waters. The GREATER approach combines a series of well studied models (for sewers, waste water treatment plants and rivers) with spatial information managed by a GIS. A new version of GREATER (version 2)(More)