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Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid for very low-birth weight infants by virtue of its ability to play an important role in several key metabolic processes of immune cells and enterocytes. Although glutamine is known to be used to a great extent, the exact splanchnic metabolism in enterally fed preterm infants is unknown. We hypothesized that(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy and safety of early parenteral lipid and high-dose amino acid (AA) administration from birth onwards in very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight <1500 g) infants. STUDY DESIGN VLBW infants (n = 144; birth weight 862 ± 218 g; gestational age 27.4 ± 2.2 weeks) were randomized to receive 2.4 g of AA kg(-1) · d(-1) (control(More)
Recently, new guidelines for enteral feedings in premature infants were issued by the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition. Nevertheless, practice proves difficult to attain suggested intakes at all times, and occurrence of significant potential cumulative nutritional deficits 'lies in wait' in the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS An anabolic state can be achieved upon intravenous amino acid administration during the immediate postnatal phase despite a low energy intake. The optimal dosing of amino acid and energy intake has yet to be established. The aim was to quantify the efficacy of early initiation of parenteral lipids and increased amounts of amino acids on(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of ketogenic diet (KD) therapies for seizure control during pregnancy when safety and appropriate management become considerations. Until now, no information has been available on seizure reduction and human pregnancy related outcomes in women treated with KD therapies. METHOD We describe two cases of pregnant women with epilepsy(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of 1-h daytime awake oximetry as a means of weaning oxygen flows in infants with oxygen dependent chronic lung disease. METHODS A cohort study of oxygen dependent infants enrolled in a 3-month period. One hour of awake oximetry data were compared with equal time periods defined within a polysomnographic study and at the same(More)
OBJECTIVES Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are dependent on parenteral nutrition after birth. A parenteral lipid emulsion with a multicomponent composition may improve growth and neurodevelopment and may prevent liver injury, which is often observed in association with long-term parenteral nutrition with pure soybean oil. Our aim was to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and possibly also of sepsis is lower in preterm infants fed their own mother's milk (hereafter 'mother's milk') compared with formula-fed infants. It is unclear whether this is caused by the protective properties of breast milk or by the absence of cow's milk. Especially in early life, mother's(More)