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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), members of the transforming growth factor-β subfamily, function as instructive signals for neuronal lineage commitment and promote neuronal differentiation. However, the mechanism of BMP7 action in vivo after peripheral nerve injury is poorly understood. This study examines the efficacy of gene transfer of adenoviral (Ad)(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that Borna disease virus (BDV), a neurotropic, negative-stranded RNA virus, might be associated with certain human mental disorders. Several research groups reported that psychiatric patients had a significantly higher prevalence of BDV serum antibodies than normal controls. In addition, a significantly higher presence of BDV(More)
Microbial community composition was examined in two soil types, Anthrosols and adjacent soils, sampled from three locations in the Brazilian Amazon. The Anthrosols, also known as Amazonian dark earths, are highly fertile soils that are a legacy of pre-Columbian settlement. Both Anthrosols and adjacent soils are derived from the same parent material and(More)
Recent studies have revealed that an orphan receptor gene of the steroid/thyroid hormone nuclear receptor superfamily, the Nurr1 gene, is essential for the neurogenesis and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain of mice. Transgenic mice lacking the Nurr1 gene soon die after birth and are devoid of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain.(More)
Chandy et al suggested that a novel human neuronal small conductance, calcium-activated potassium channel gene, KCNN3, might be a candidate for schizophrenia. The KCNN3 cDNA sequences contain two stretches of CAG trinucleotide repeats encoding two separate polyglutamine segments near the N-terminus of this channel protein. The second CAG repeat was found to(More)
AIMS The combined treatment of peripheral nerve (PN) graft and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 for spinal cord injury produces functional recovery, but how it affects injury events is still unknown. This project studied the effect of PN graft and FGF-1 on white matter degeneration following spinal cord injury. METHODS Rats were divided into four groups:(More)
Recently a new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a human prion disease, with prominent psychiatric manifestations in the early stage was identified, suggesting that human prion disease may be associated with mental disorders. Furthermore, a novel missense mutation with asparagine-to-serine substitution at codon 171 of the human prion gene (N171S) was(More)
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